Synopses & Reviews
The past century of labor was definitively captured by theories like Fordism and Taylorism, or scientific managment, but how do we make sense of global production today? This short book takes a panoramic view of the candidates for the most succinct theory of the 21st century division of labor, including post-Fordism, flexible accumulation, McDonaldization, Waltonism, Nikeification, Gatesism and Siliconism, shareholder value, and lean production and Toyotism. Authors Thomas Janoski and Darina Lepadatu argue that lean production in a somewhat expanded version presents three variations: Toyotism (the strongest form), Nikeification (a moderate form with off-shored plants lacking teamwork) and Waltonism (the merchandising form that presses for off-shoring). While all three share strong elements of "just in time" (JIT) production and supply chain management, they differ in how teamwork and long-term philosophies are valued. This critical review of dominant established theories serves to inform subsequent research on the contemporary international division of labor.
About the Author
Thomas Janoski is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Quantitative Initiative in the Political and Social Sciences at the University of Kentucky. He has taught work and occupations, political sociology, and comparative/historical methods at his current institution, and at the University of California at Berkeley and Duke University.Darina Lepadatu is Associate Professor of Sociology at Kennesaw State University in Atlanta, Georgia, and teaches in the PhD program in International Conflict Management. She has served as a European integration specialist in the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research, and participated in international missions and conferences in more than 20 countries.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Divisions of Labor
2. What was the Old Division of Labor?
3. New Models of the Division of Labor
4. New Models of the Division of Labor
5. Synthesizing Four Models of the Division of Labor
6. What the New Divisions of Labor Means