Synopses & Reviews
This book addresses problems in structural dynamics and control encountered in such applications as: aerospace structures, robotics, earthquake-damage prevention, and active noise suppression. The rapid developments of new technologies and computer power have made it possible to formulate and solve engineering problems that seemed unapproachable only a few years ago. The treatment combines concepts from control engineering (such as system norms and controllability) and structural engineering (such as modal properties and modal models), thereby both revealing new structural properties as well as giving new insights into well-known laws. The techniques discussed will make it easier for structural engineers to design control systems and for control engineers to deal with structural dynamics. The discussion begins by defining flexible structures and structural models, using such examples as the international space station and the antennas of NASA's deep-space network. The book then turns to controllability and observability; properties of system norms (Hsubinfinity, Hsub2, and Hankel); and model reduction in terms of these norms. A discussion of sensor and actuator location follows: selecting these is rarely an easy task. The concluding chapters discuss the design of dissipative LQG and Hsubinfinity controllers. Matlab codes for many of the procedures and methods discussed in the book are included.
Synopsis
Robots, aerospace structures, active earthquake-damping devices of tall buildings, and active sound suppression are examples of the application of structural dynamics and control methods. This book addresses the structural dynamics and control problems encountered by mechanical, civil, and control engineers. Many problems presented in this book originated in recent applications in the aerospace industry, and have been solved using the approach presented here. Dynamics analysis and controller design for flexible structures require a special approach due to the large size of structural models, and because flexible structure testing and control typically requires massive instrumentation (sensors and actuators). But the rapid development of new technologies and the increased power of computers allows for the formulation and solution of engineering problems that seemed to be unapproachable not so very long ago. The modal approach was chosen in this book. It has a long tradition in structural engineering (see, e.g., 84], 87], and 26]) and is also used in control system analysis, e.g., 93]. Its usefulness, thoroughly tested, does not need extensive justification. Both structural testing and analysis give priority to the modal representation, due to its compactness, simplicity, and explicit physical interpretation. Also, many useful structural properties are properly exposed only in modal coordinates. In this book the modal approach, preferred by structural engineers, is extended into control engineering, giving new analytical results, and narrowing the gap between structural and control analysis.
Synopsis
This book addresses problems in structural dynamics and control encountered in applications such as robotics, aerospace structures, earthquake-damage prevention, and active noise suppression. The rapid developments of new technologies and computational power have made it possible to formulate and solve engineering problems that seemed unapproachable only a few years ago. This presentation combines concepts from control engineering (such as system norms and controllability) and structural engineering (such as modal properties and models), thereby revealing new structural properties as well as giving new insight into well-known laws. This book will assist engineers in designing control systems and dealing with the complexities of structural dynamics.
Table of Contents
Part I: Dynamics: Introduction. Models. Controllability and Observability. Norms. Model Reduction. Assignment. Actuator and Sensor Placement.-
Part II: Control: Dissipative Controllers. LQG Controllers. H Äsub infinityÜ and H2 Controllers.- Appendix A: Matlab Functions.- Appendix B: Structural Parameters.- References.- Subject Index.