Synopses & Reviews
Distributed computing paradigms for sharing resources such as Clouds, Grids, Peer-to-Peer systems, or voluntary computing are becoming increasingly popular. While there are some success stories such as PlanetLab, OneLab, BOINC, BitTorrent, and SETI@home, a widespread use of these technologies for business applications has not yet been achieved. In a business environment, mechanisms are needed to provide incentives to potential users for participating in such networks. These mechanisms may range from simple non-monetary access rights, monetary payments to specific policies for sharing. Although a few models for a framework have been discussed (in the general area of a "Grid Economy"), none of these models has yet been realised in practice. This book attempts to fill this gap by discussing the reasons for such limited take-up and exploring incentive mechanisms for resource sharing in distributed systems. The purpose of this book is to identify research challenges in successfully using and deploying resource sharing strategies in open-source and commercial distributed systems.
Distributed computing models for sharing resources have become popular, but their widespread use for business applications has not been achieved. This book discusses why and explores new incentives for distributed systems in collaborative environments.
Table of Contents
Economic Models and Algorithms for Distributed Systems // Part I: Reputation Mechanisms and Trust / A Belief-based Trust Model for Dynamic Service Selection - Ali Shaikh Ali and Omer F. Rana / Reputation, Pricing and the E-Science Grid - Arun Anandasivam and Dirk Neumann / Trust-oriented Utility-based Community Structure - Georgia Kastidou and Robin Cohen / Formation of VOs in Grids: A Game-Theoretic Approach - Thomas E. Carroll and Daniel Grosu / Towards Dynamic Authentication in the Grid - Jürgen Mangler, Erich Schikuta, Christoph Witzany, Oliver Jorns, Irfan Ul Haq and Helmut Wanek // Part II: Service Level Agreements / Enforcing SLAs Using an Economically Enhanced Resource Manager - Mario Macías, Garry Smith, Omer Rana, Jordi Guitart and Jordi Torres / Economically Extended Resource Management - Tim Püschel, Nikolay Borissov, Dirk Neumann, Mario Macías, Jordi Guitart and Jordi Torres / Mitigating Provider Uncertainty in Service Provision Contracts - Chris Smith and Aad vanMoorsel / Text-Content-Analysis - Axel Tenschert, Ioannis Kotsiopoulos and Bastian Koller // Part III: Business Models and Market Mechanisms / Cloud Computing Value Chains - Ashraf Bany Mohammed, Jörn Altmann and Junseok Hwang / A Simple Model for Determining the Optimal Capacity Investment - In Lee / A Combinatorial Exchange for Complex Grid Services - Melanie Mossmann, Jochen Stößer, Adam Ouorou, Eric Gourdin, Ruby Krishnaswamy and Dirk Neumann / Heuristic Scheduling in Grid Environments - Christian Bodenstein / Facing Price Risks in Internet-of-Services Markets - Raimund Matros, Werner Streitberger, Stefan Koenig and Torsten Eymann