For this revision of their bestselling junior- and senior-level text, Guru and Hiziroglu have incorporated eleven years of cutting-edge developments in the field since Electric Machinery and Transformers was first published. Completely re-written, the new Second Edition also incorporates suggestions from students and instructors who have used the First Edition, making it the best text available for junior- and senior-level courses in electric machines. The new edition features a wealth of new and improved problems and examples, designed to complement the authors' overall goal of encouraging intuitive reasoning rather than rote memorization of material. Chapter 3, which presents the conversion of energy, now includes: analysis of magnetically coupled coils, induced emf in a coil rotating in a uniform magnetic field, induced emf in a coil rotating in a time-varying magnetic field, and the concept of the revolving field. All problems and examples have been rigorously tested using Mathcad.
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 Review of Electric Circuit Theory
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Direct-Current Ciruit Analysis
1.3. Alternating-Current Circuit Analysis
1.4. Three-Phase Circuits
1.5. Power and Impendance Measurements
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
2 Review of Basic Laws of Electromagnetism
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Maxwell's Equations
2.3. Magnetic Materials and Their Properties
2.4. Magnetic Circuits
2.5. Self and Mututal Inductances
2.6. Magnetically Coupled Coils
2.7. Magnetic Losses
2.8. Permanent Magnets
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
3 Principles of Electromechanical Energy Conversion
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Electric Field as a Medium
3.3. Magnetic Field as a Medium
3.4. A Coil in a Uniform Magnetic Field
3.5. A Coil in a Time-Varying Magnetic Field
3.6. Synchronous Motor
3.7. Reluctance Motor
3.8. Electromagnetic Relays
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
4 Transformers
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Construction of a Transformer
4.3. An Ideal Transformer
4.4. A Nonideal Transformer
4.5. Voltage Regulation
4.6. Maximum Efficiency Criterion
4.7. Determination of Transformer Parameters
4.8. Per-Unit Computations
4.9. The Autotransformer
4.10. Three-Phase Transformers
4.11. The Constant-Current Transformer
4.12. Instrument Transformers
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
5 Direct-Current Generators
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Mechanical Construction
5.3. Armature Windings
5.4. Induced emf Equation
5.5. Developed Torque
5.6. Magnetization Charateristic of a DC Machine
5.7. Theory of Commutation
5.8. Armature Reaction
5.9. Types of DC Generators
5.10. Voltage Regulation
5.11. Losses in DC Machines
5.12. A Separately Excited DC Generator
5.13. A Shunt Generator
5.14. A Series Generator
5.15. Compound Generators
5.16. Maxiumum Efficiency Criterion
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
6 Direct-Current Motors
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Operation of a DC Motor
6.3. Speed Regulation
6.4. Losses in a DC Motor
6.5. A Series Motor
6.6. A Shunt Motor
6.7. The Compound Motor
6.8. Methods of Speed Control
6.9. The Ward-Leonard System
6.10. Torque Measurements
6.11. Braking or Reversing DC Motors
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
7 Synchronous Generators
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Construction of a Synchronous Machine
7.3. Armature Windings
7.4. Pitch Factor
7.5. Distribution Factor
7.6. Winding Connections
7.7. Induced emf Equation
7.8. The Equivalent Circuit
7.9. Power Relationships
7.10. Synchronous Generator Tests
7.11. The External Characteristic
7.12. Salient-Pole Synchronous Generator
7.13. Parallel Operation of Synchronous Generators
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
8 Synchronous Motors
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Construction and Operation of a Synchronous Motor
8.3. Equivalent Circuit of a Synchronous Motor
8.4. Power Expressions
8.5. Exact Condition for Maximum Power
8.6. Effect of Excitation
8.7. Power Factor Correction
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
9 Polyphase Induction Motors
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Construction
9.3. Principle of Operation
9.4. Development of an Equivalent Circuit
9.5. An Approximate Equivalent Circuit
9.6. Maximym Power Criterion
9.7. Maximum Torque Criterion
9.8. Maximum Efficiency Criterion
9.9. Some Important Conclusions
9.10. Equivalent Circuit Parameters
9.11. Starting of Induction Motors
9.12. Rotor Impedence Transformation
9.13. Speed Control of Induction Motors
9.14. Types of Induction Motors
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
10 Single-Phase Motors
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Singe-Phase Induction Motor
10.3. Analysis of a Single-Phase Induction Motor
10.4. Types of Single-Phase Induction Motors
10.5. Analysis of a Single-Phase Motor Using Both Windings
10.6. Testing Single-Phase Motors
10.7. Shaded-Pole Motor
10,8. Universal Motor
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
11 Dynamics of Electric Machines
11.1. Introduction
11.2. DC Machine Dynamics
11.3. Synchronous Generator Dynamics
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
12 Special-Purpose Electric Machines
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Permanent-Magnet Motors
12.3. Step Motors
12.4. Switched-Reluctance Motors
12.5. Brushless DC Motors
12.6. Hystersis Motors
12.7. Linear Induction Motors
Summary
Review Questions
Problems
Appendices
A System of Units
B The Laplace Transform
Bibliography
Index