Synopses & Reviews
The study of heat and fluid flow in fluid-saturated porous media is applicable in a very wide range of fields, with practical applications in modern industry and environmental areas, such as nuclear waste management, the construction of thermal insulators, geothermal power, grain storage and many more. The vast amount of theoretical and experimental work reported has attracted the attention of industrialists, engineers, applied mathematicians, chemical, civil, environmental, mechanical and nuclear engineers, physicists, food scientists, medical researchers, etc. This book covers the full range of theoretical, computational and experimental approaches to the subject, grouped into reviews of: fundamentals, stability, anisotropy, permeability and non-equilibrium, applications, and experimental porous media.
Heat and fluid flow in fluid-saturated porous media has become increas ingly more attractive to researchers and thus it has become a very pro ductive field for many researchers and practical engineers in very diverse range of fields. The great interest in the topic stems from its widespread number of different practical applications in modern industries and in many environmental issues, such as nuclear waste management, build ing thermal insulators, geothermal power plants, grain storage, etc. In building sciences and thermal insulation engineering, an appreciable in sulating effect has been derived by placing porous material in the gap between the cavity walls and multishield structures of nuclear reactors between the pressure vessel and the reactor. Geophysical applications include modeling of the spread of pollutants (e. g. radioactive mater ial), water movements in geothermal reservoirs, enhanced recovery of petroleum reservoirs, etc. These, and many other, important practical applications have resulted in a rapid expansion of research in the general area of porous media and thus generated a vast amount of both theor etical and experimental research work. It has attracted the attention of industrialists, engineers and scientists from many varying disciplines, such as applied mathematics, chemical, civil, environmental, mechanical and nuclear engineering, geothermal physics, food science, medicine, etc. This book contains some of the contributions to the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Emerging Technologies and Techniques in Porous Media that was held in Neptun-Olimp, Constanta, Black Sea, Romania on 9-20 June, 2003."
Table of Contents
Contributing authors. 1.
Governing equations for laminar flows through porous media; D.B. Ingham. 2.
Fundamentals of scale analysis, heatline visualization and the intersection of asymptotes; A. Bejan. 3.
Modeling the flow through porous media; H.I. Ene. 4.
Techniques for solving the boundary-layer equations; S.D. Harris, D.B. Ingham. 5.
Some boundary-layer problems in convective flow in porous media; I. Pop. 6.
Compressible fluid dynamics in porous media by the boundary element method; L. Skerget, R. Jecl. 7.
Laplacian decomposition of steady free convection in porous media; A. Curteanu, et al. 8.
Genetic algorithms and their application to the identification of hydraulic properties of rocks; N.S. Mera, et al. 9.
Turbulent heat and mass transfer in porous media; M.J.S. de Lemos. 10.
The mixed convection number for porous media flow; E. Holzbecher. 11.
Sidewall heating in shallow cavities near the density maximum; D.M. Leppinen, D.A.S. Rees. 12.
Active control of the onset of convection in porous medium by mechanical vibration; A. Mojtabi, et al. 13.
Onset of oscillatory and stationary double-diffusive convection with a tilted porous enclosure; M. Mamou. 14.
On stability analysis of Soret convection within a horizontal porous layer; M. Bourich, et al. 15.
Nonlinear vortex instabilities in free convective boundary layers in porous media; D.A.S. Rees. 16.
Thermal non-equilibrium free convection in a cavity filled with a non-Darcy porous medium; A.C. Baytas. 17.
Entropy generation for free and forced convection in a porous cavity and a porous channel; A.C. Baytas. 18.
Natural convection in anisotropic heterogeneous porous medium; R. Bennacer. 19.
Effects of anisotropy on convection in horizontal and inclined porous layers; L. Storesletten. 20.
Contribution of the thermal and molecular diffusion to convection in a vertical porous cavity; C.G. Jiang, et al. 21.
Towards a physically based theory of high-concentration-gradient dispersion in porous media; R. Schotting, A.J. Landman. 22.
Designed porous media; A. Bejan. 23.
Modeling single-phase flows in micro heat exchangers; E. Mamut. 24.
Axial and radial porous burners; A.A. Mohamad. 25.
A porous medium model to investigate the red cell distribution effect on alveolar respiration; J.L. Lage, et al. 26.
Ionic contamination and decontamination of porous media; S. Lorente, et al.
Porous media and filtration; A.F. Miguel. 28.
Experimental study of forced convection through microporous enhanced heat sinks; J.L. Lage, et al. 29.
Two- and three-fluid retention in a porous medium for toluene by gamma-ray attenuation; A.F. Baytas. 30.
Thermodynamics of fluids in mesoporous media; A.H. Reis. 31.
Expansion scaling and elastic moduli of gas-fluidized magnetizable beds; J.Y. Hristov. 32.
Porous media theory as basis for model of fouling layers formation in heat exchangers; T.V. Morosuk.