Synopses & Reviews
Looking at the state of, and future prospects for, the politics of ideology after the collapse of Communism in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, the contributors to this book consider both universal intellectual trends and specific ideological situations in the major countries of the contemporary world.
In the view of some contributors the history of the modern state is a voyage towards a perfect condition of things, a voyage which will continue without interruption, despite the fall of Communism. Others, however, think that the politics of ideology has had its day and is now in the process of being replaced by the "politics of modesty", which concentrate on limited and pragmatically defined goals. The complex and "peace-disturbing" issues put on the political agenda by increasingly self-assertive nationalisms are regarded, accordingly, as either the potential source of new ideologies seeking the establishment of the Utopian "perfect condition" or, on the contrary, as variations of the same modest, pragmatically motivated political pursuits.
Two chapters of the volume are specifically devoted to the discussion of the fate of Marxism and the socialist idea generally. The situation with regard to ideological politics in the United States, Western Europe and Russia is analyzed and evaluated in three special chapters, each focusing on one of these major protagonists of the contemporary world. The book concludes with a summary review of the issues discussed and an attempt at projecting a relatively coherent vision of the fate of "isms" in the post-Communist era.
This volume considers the state of, and future prospects for, the politics of ideology after the collapse of Communism in the former USSR and East Europe. The contributors explore this topic with regard both to the universal intellectual trends and the specific ideological situations in the major countries and regions of the contemporary world.
About the Author
Alexander Shtromas was formerly Reader in Politics at the University of Salford. He has also lectured at the University of Bradford, and been a Senior Research Fellow in Legal Studies at a number of research institutions in Lithuania and in Moscow. He has been a visiting professor at the Universities of Chicago and Stanford, and at Assumption and Boston Colleges.
Table of Contents
1. Ideology after the Collapse of Communism: Kenneth Minogue.
2. Political Integration, the Limited State, and the Philosophy of Postmodernism: Noel O'Sullivan.
3. After Socialism: David Marquand.
4. Premature Obituaries: A Comment on O'Sullivan, Minogue and Marquand: Alex Callinicos.
5. Liberalism and Collectivism in the 20th Century: Richard M. Ebeling.
6. Decolonizing Liberalism: Bhikhu Parekh.
7. The Concept of Fundamentalism: Bhikhu Parekh.
8. Nationalism: Ambiguous Legacies and Contingent Futures: Eugene Kamenka.
9. The People, the Intelligentsia and Russian Political Culture: Marc Raeff.
10. The United States: Liberals, Conservatives and the Challenge of Liberation: Robert K. Faulkner.
11. Ideological Politics and the Contemporary World: Have We Seen the Last of 'Isms'?: Alexander Shtromas.