Eshbachs Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals, the standard engineering reference work for over fifty years, has been updated and revised in this Fourth Edition. The coverage of the revised Handbook addresses all the fundamental subdivisions of engineering, including electronics, controls, fluids, with a special emphasis on the various elements of mechanical and aerospace engineering. The Fourth Edition includes entirely new chapters on materials, acoustics, and computers. In addition, all chapters have been rewritten and revised to reflect changes since the previous edition of the Handbook was published. The coverage is organized around these main subjects: mathematical and physical units, standards, and tables; mathematics; mechanics of rigid bodies; mechanics of deformable bodies; mechanics of incompressible fluids; aeronautics; astronautics; automatic control; computer science; engineering thermodynamics and heat transfer; electromagnetic and circuits; electronics; radiation, light, and acoustics; chemistry; engineering economics; and properties of materials. As in the previous editions, the coverage is given in capsule form to give the reader a basic understanding of the topic. References to more specific literature are also provided with each entry.
With specialization now the norm in engineering, students preparing for the FE and PE exams and practitioners going outside their specialty need a general reference with material across a number of disciplines. Since 1936, Eshbach's Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals has been the bestselling reference covering the general principles of engineering; today, it's more relevant than ever. For this Fifth Edition, respected author Myer Kutz fully updates and reshapes the text, focusing on the basics, the important formulas, tables, and standards necessary for complete and accurate knowledge across engineering disciplines. With chapters on mathematical principles, physical units and standards as well as the fundamentals of mechanical, aerospace, electrical, chemical, and industrial engineering, this classic reference is more relevant than ever to both practicing engineers and students studying for the FE and PE exams.
About the editor BYRON D. TAPLEY currently holds the Clare Cockrell Williams Centennial Chair in Engineering and has served as Director of the Center for Space Research since it was established in 1981. He joined the aerospace engineering faculty of the University of Texas at Austin in 1960 and served as the chairman of the combined ASE-EM Department from 1966 through 1977. Dr. Tapley received his PhD in engineering mechanics from the University of Texas at Austin. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and he is a fellow member of AIAA, AGU, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His research interests include orbit mechanics, nonlinear parameter estimation, and the uses of methods from these areas in satellite applications to geodesy, geodynamics, and oceanography. Dr. Tapley is a registered professional engineer in the state of Texas.
Preface.Contributors.
1. Mathematical and Physical Units, Standards, and Tables(Jack H. Westbrook).
1. Symbols and Abbreviations.
2. Mathematical Table.
3. Statistical Table.
4. Units and Standard.
5. Tables of Conversion Factors.
6. Standard Sizes.
7. Standard Screws.
2. Mathematics(J. N. Reddy).
1. Arithmetic.
2. Algebra.
3. Set Algebra.
4. Statistics and Probability.
5. Geometry.
6. Trigonometry.
7. Plane Analytic Geometry.
8. Solid Analytic Geometry.
9. Differential Calculus.
10. Integral Calculus.
11. Differential Equations.
12. Finite-Element Method.
13. Laplace Transformation.
14. Complex Analysis.
15. Vector Analysis.
Bibliography.
3. Mechanics of Rigid Bodies(Wallace Fowler).
1. Definitions.
2. Statics.
3. Kinematics.
4. Kinetics.
5. Friction.
Bibliography.
4. Selection of Metals for Structural Design(Matthew J. Donachie).
1. Introduction.
2. Common Alloy Systems.
3. What Are Alloys and What Affects Their Use?
4. What Are the Properties of Alloys and How Are Alloys Strengthened?
5. Manufacture of Alloy Articles.
6. Alloy Information.
7. Metals at Lower Temperatures.
8. Metals at High Temperatures.
9. Melting and Casting Practices.
10. Forging, Forming, Powder Metallurgy, and Joining of Alloys.
11. Surface Protection of Materials.
12. PostService Refurbishment and Repair.
13. Alloy Selection: A Look at Possibilities.
14. Level of Property Data.
15. Thoughts on Alloy Systems.
16. Selected Alloy Information Sources.
Bibliography.
5. Plastics: Information and Properties of Polymeric Materials(Edward N. Peters).
1. Introduction.
2. Polyolefinic Thermoplastics.
3. Side-Chain-Substituted Vinyl Thermoplastics.
4. Polyurethane and Cellulosic Resins.
5. Engineering Thermoplastics: Condensation Polymers.
6. High-Performance Materials.
7. Fluorinated Thermoplastics.
8. Thermosets.
9. General-Purpose Elastomers.
10. Specialty Elastomers.
References.
6. Overview of Ceramic Materials, Design, and Application(R. Nathan Katz).
1. Introduction.
2. Processing of Advanced Ceramics.
3. Brittleness and Brittle Materials Design.
4. Applications.
5. Information Sources.
6. Future Trends.
References.
7. Mechanics of Deformable Bodies(Neal F. Enke and Bela I. Sandor).
1. Introduction to Stress and Strain.
2. Beams and Bending.
3. Torsion and Shafts.
4. Plates, Shells, and Contact Stresses.
5. Nonlinear Response of Materials.
6. Energy Methods.
7. Composite Materials.
8. Theories of Strength and Failure
References.
8. Nondestructive Inspection(Robert L. Crane and Jeremy S. Knopp)
1. Introduction
2. Liquid Penetrants.
3. Radiography.
4. Ultrasonic Methods.
5. Magnetic Particle Method.
6. Thermal Methods.
7. Eddy Current Methods.
Appendix: Ultrasonic Properties of Common Materials.
References.
9. Mechanics of Incompressible Fluids(Egemen Ol Ogretim and Wade W. Huebsch).
1. Introduction.
2. Fluid Properties
3. Fluid Statics
4. Ideal (Inviscid) Fluid Dynamics.
5. Viscous Fluid Dynamics.
6. Similitude and Dimensional Analysis.
7. Flow in Closed Conduits
8. Flow in Open Channels.
9. Flow About Immersed Objects.
10. Fluid Measurements.
References.
Bibliography.
10. Aerodynamics of Wings(Warren F. Phillips).
1. Introduction and Notation.
2. Boundary Layer Concept.
3. Inviscid Aerodynamics.
4. Incompressible Flow over Airfoils.
5. Trailing-Edge Flaps and Section Flap Effectiveness.
6. Incompressible Flow over Finite Wings.
7. Flow over Multiple Lifting Surfaces.
8. Wing Stall and Maximum Lift Coefficient.
9. Inviscid Compressible Aerodynamics.
10. Compressible Subsonic Flow.
11. Supersonic Flow.
References.
11. Steady One-Dimensional Gas Dynamics(D. H. Daley with contributions by J. B. Wissler).
1. Generalized One-Dimensional Gas Dynamics.
2. Simple Flows.
3. Nozzle Operating Characteristics.
4. Normal Shock Waves.
5. Plane Oblique Shock Waves.
6. Conical Shock Waves.
7. Prandtl–Meyer Expansion.
References.
12. Mathematical Models of Dynamic Physical Systems(K. Preston White, Jr.).
1. Rationale.
2. Ideal Elements.
3. System Structure and Interconnection Laws.
4. Standard Forms for Linear Models.
5. Approaches to Linear Systems Analysis.
6. State-Variable Methods.
7. Simulation.
8. Model Classifications.
References.
Bibliography.
13. Basic Control Systems Design(William J. Palm III).
1. Introduction.
2. Control System Structure.
3. Transducers and Error Detectors.
4. Actuators.
5. Control Laws.
6. Controller Hardware.
7. Further Criteria for Gain Selection.
8. Compensation and Alternative Control Structures.
9. Graphical Design Methods.
10. Principles of Digital Control.
11. Uniquely Digital Algorithms.
12. Hardware and Software for Digital Control.
13. Software Support for Control System Design.
14. Future Trends in Control Systems.
References.
14. Thermodynamics Fundamentals(Adrian Bejan).
1. Introduction.
2. First Law of Thermodynamics for Closed Systems.
3. Second Law of Thermodynamics for Closed Systems.
4. Energy-Minimum Principle.
5. Laws of Thermodynamics for Open Systems.
6. Relations among Thermodynamic Properties.
7. Analysis of Engineering System Components.
References.
15. Heat Transfer Fundamentals(G. P. Peterson).
1. Conduction Heat Transfer.
2. Convection Heat Transfer.
3. Radiation Heat Transfer.
4. Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer.
References.
Bibliography.
16. Electric Circuits(Albert J. Rosa).
1. Introduction.
2. Direct-Current (DC) Circuits.
3. Linear Active Circuits.
4. AC Circuits.
5. Transient Response of Circuits.
6. Frequency Response.
References.
17. Electronics.
1. Bipolar Transistors (John D. Cressler).
2. Data Acquisition and Conversion (Kavita Nair, Chris Zillmer, Dennis Polla, and Ramesh Harjani).
3. Data Analysis (Arbee L. P. Chen and Yi-Hung Wu).
4. Diodes (Konstantinos Misiakos).
5. Electronic Components (Clarence W. de Silva).
6. Input Devices (George Grinstein and Marjan Trutschl).
7. Instruments (Halit Eren).
8. Integrated Circuits (N. Ranganathan and Raju D. Venkataramana).
9. Microprocessors (Robert P. Colwell).
10. Oscilloscopes (Andrew Rusek)
11. Power Devices (Alex Q. Huang and Bo Zhang).
References.
Bibliography.
18. Light and Radiation(M. Parker Givens).
1. Introduction.
2. Geometric Optics.
3. Physical Optics.
4. Light Sources.
5. Lasers.
6. The Eye and Vision.
7. Detectors or Optical Transducers.
References.
Bibliography.
19. Acoustics(Jonathan Blotter, Scott Sommerfeldt, and Kent L. Gee).
1. Introduction.
2. Sound Power, Sound Intensity, and Sound Pressure.
3. Decibel and Other Scales.
4. Weighting Filters.
5. Impedance.
6. Theory of Sound.
7. Reflection, Transmission, and Absorption.
8. Hearing Loss.
9. Passive Noise Control.
10. Active Noise Control.
11. Architectural Acoustics.
12. Community and Environmental Noise.
13. Sound Quality Analysis.
14. Nonlinear Acoustics.
15. Human Ear and Hearing.
16. Microphones and Loudspeakers.
References.
Suggested Further Readings.
20. Chemistry(D. A. Kohl).
1. Atomic Structure and Periodic Table.
2. Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding.
3. Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry.
4. Chemical Thermodynamics.
5. Thermochemistry.
6. Chemical Equilibrium.
7. Phase Equilibria.
8. Chemical Reaction Rates.
9. Electrochemistry.
10. Organic Chemistry
References.
Bibliography.
21. Engineering Economy(Kate D. Abel).
1. Introduction.
2. Cash Flows and Time Value of Money.
3. Equivalence.
4. Single Sum and Uniform, Gradient, and Geometric Series
5. Comparing Alternatives: Defining Options.
6. Comparing Alternatives through Figures of Merit.
7. Additional Analyses in Selection Process.
8. Capital Recovery, Capital Cost, and Replacement Studies.
9. Conclusion.
References.
22. Sources of Materials Data(J. G. Kaufman).
1. Introduction and Scope.
2. Intended Uses for Data.
3. Types of Data.
4. Subjects of Data Sources.
5. Data Quality and Reliability.
6. Platforms: Types of Data Sources.
7. Specific Data Sources.
References.
Index.