Synopses & Reviews
Benedict de Spinoza's Ethics, first published in 1677, constitutes a major systematic critique of the traditional and religious foundations of philosophical thought. In it, Spinoza follows a logical step-by-step format consisting of definitions, axioms, propositions, proofs, and corollaries to create a comprehensive inquiry into the truth about God, nature, and humans' place within the universe. From these broad metaphysical themes, Spinoza derives what he considered to be the highest principles of religion and society and lays out an ethical system in which reason is the supreme value. A seminal contribution to 17th-century rationalism, Spinoza's Ethics refutes the dualism of René Descartes and provides a bridge between religion and modern-day psychology. This edition is the translation by R. H. M. Elwes.
First published in 1677, Spinoza's Ethics uses a logical step-by-step format to build a major critique of the traditional foundations of philosophy and lay out an ethical system in which reason is the highest principle.
About the Author
Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Dutch philosopher who came to be known as one of the great rationalists of the 17th-century. Born into a Portuguese Jewish community in Amsterdam, Spinoza was excommunicated from this society at age 23. His most famous work, Ethics, was published posthumously; he is also the author of the Theological-Political Treatise, published in 1670. Spinoza's work laid the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, and has influenced such wide-ranging later thinkers as George Eliot, Freidrich Nietzsche, Immanuel Kant, and Albert Einstein. Antony Ferguson is a native of London, England. Upon leaving Bretton Hall School of Drama, he worked extensively in English regional repertory theaters, most notably playing the lead in Edward II, Don Juan, and Lord Byron in a production of Camino Real for Alan Ayckbourn's theater company. He has appeared several times on London's West End, winning the award for best actor as Jimmy Porter in an award-winning production of Look Back in Anger and playing the lead in The Thwarting of Baron Bolligrew by Robert Bolt. Upon moving to New York City, Antony worked Off Broadway, in regional theater, and on national tours, where he specialized in classical theater, and has won several awards for his work. He also has a thriving business in the world of voice-over and is especially fond of narrating audiobooks. He currently lives in Los Angeles.