Synopses & Reviews
Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites, there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behavior – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behavior in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications.
This book explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addreses a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Chapters also consider recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials
Polymer matrix composites are replacing materials such as metals in industries such as aerospace, automotive and civil engineering. As composites are relatively new materials, more information on the potential risk of failure is needed to ensure safe design. This book focuses on three main types of failure: impact damage, delamination and fatigue. Chapters in Parts 1-4 describe the main types of failure mechanism and discuss testing methods for predicting failure in composites. Chapters in Parts 5 and 6 discuss typical kinds of in-service failure and their implications for industry.
The book focuses on three main types of failure: impact damage, delamination and fatigue. Chapters in part one describe the failure processes and discuss testing and modeling methods for predicting failure in composites. Chapters in part two consider failure of composites in context and the implications for industries who wish to prevent failure. There are sections aimed specifically at the aerospace, automotive, civil engineering and marine industries in which composite materials are most heavily used.
About the Author
Dr. Paul Robinson (Reader in Mechanics of Composites), Dr. Emile Greenhalgh (Reader in Composite Materials) and Dr. Silvestre Pinho (Senior Lecturer) all work in the Department of Aeronautics at Imperial College, London, UK. They are widely renowned for their expertise on the failure mechanics of composite materials.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Failure mechanisms: Progress in failure criteria for polymer matrix composites: A view from the first World-Wide failure exercise (WWFE); Manufacturing defects as a cause of failure in polymer matrix composites; Low and medium velocity impact as a cause of failure in polymer matrix composites; Structural integrity of polymer matrix composite panels in fire; Testing the toughness of polymer matrix composites; Testing the strength and stiffness of polymer matrix composites; Fibre-dominated compressive failure in polymer matrix composites
Part 2 Failure mechanisms in specific applications: Considerations of failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites in the design of aerospace structures; Failure of polymer matrix composites in defence applications; Failure of polymer matrix composites in marine and off-shore applications; Recycling issues in polymer matrix composites; Failure of polymer matrix composites in automotive and transport applications; Environmental induced failure in fibre-reinforced plastics