Synopses & Reviews
That Sartre's study of Flaubert, The Family Idiot
, is a towering achievement in intellectual history has never been disputed. Yet critics have argued about the precise nature of this novel, or biography, or "criticism-fiction" which is the summation of Sartre's philosophical, social, and literary thought. Sartre writes, simply, in the preface to the book: "The Family Idiot
is the sequel to The Question of Method
. The subject: what, at this point in time, can we know about a man? It seemed to me that this question could only be answered by studying a specific case."
"A man is never an individual," Sartre writes, "it would be more fitting to call him a universal singular. Summed up and for this reason universalized by his epoch, he in turn resumes it by reproducing himself in it as singularity. Universal by the singular universality of human history, singular by the universalizing singularity of his projects, he requires simultaneous examination from both ends." This is the method by which Sartre examines Flaubert and the society in which he existed.
Now this masterpiece is being made available in an inspired English translation that captures all the variations of Sartre's style—from the jaunty to the ponderous—and all the nuances of even the most difficult ideas. Volume 1 consists of Part One of the original French work, La Constitution, and is primarily concerned with Flaubert's childhood and adolescence.
Jean-Paul Satre discusses Flaubert's personal development, his relationship with each member of his family, his decision to become a writer, and the psychosomatic crisis or 'conversion' that liberated him from his father's domination and enabled him to devote himself to his art. Sartre's psychoanalytic approach merges with a sociological study of the ideology of the period, the crisis in literature, and Flaubert's role as one both influenced by all this and himself influencing the future of literature. Translated by Carol Cosman.
Table of Contents
Part Two: Personalization
Book One: "What is Beauty if not the impossible?"
8. The Imaginary Child
9. From Imaginary Child to Actor
10. From Actor to Author
11. Scripta Manent
12. From Poet to Artist