Synopses & Reviews
From bloodthirsty conquest to exotic romance, stereotypes of Spain abound. This new volume by distinguished historian Stanley G. Payne draws on his half-century of experience to offer a balanced, broadly chronological survey of Spanish history from the Visigoths to the present. Who were the first “Spaniards”? Is Spain a fully Western country? Was Spanish liberalism a failure? Examining Spain’s unique role in the larger history of Western Europe, Payne reinterprets key aspects of the country’s history.
Topics include Muslim culture in the peninsula, the Spanish monarchy, the empire, and the relationship between Spain and Portugal. Turning to the twentieth century, Payne discusses the Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War. The book’s final chapters focus on the Franco regime, the nature of Spanish fascism, and the special role of the military. Analyzing the figure of Franco himself, Payne seeks to explain why some Spaniards still regard him with respect, while many others view the late dictator with profound loathing.
Framed by reflections on the author’s own formation as a Hispanist and his evaluation of the controversy about “historical memory” in contemporary Spain, this volume offers deeply informed insights into both the history and the historiography of a unique country.
“An excellent, balanced discussion of important controversies.”—Juan Linz, author of Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes
“Concise, engaging, and above all scholarly, this volume offers a nuanced and sophisticated understanding of Spanish history.”—Julius Ruiz, author of Franco’s Justice
Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977, by celebrated historian Stanley G. Payne, is the first comprehensive history of Spanish Fascism to appear in any language. This authoritative study offers treatment of all the major doctrines, personalities, and defining features of the Spanish fascist movement, from its beginnings until the death of General Francisco Franco in 1977.
Payne describes and analyzes the development of the Falangist party both prior to and during the Spanish Civil War, presenting a detailed analysis of its transformation into the state party of the Franco regime -- Falange Espanola Tradicionalista -- as well as its ultimate conversion into the pseudofascist Movimiento Nacional. Particular attention is devoted to the crucial years 1939-1942, when the Falangists endeavored to expand their influence and convert the Franco regime into a fully fascist system. Fascism in Spain helps us to understand the personality of Franco, the way in which he handled conflict within the regime, and the reasons for the long survival of his rule. Payne concludes with the first full inquiry into the process of "defascistization, " which began with the fall of Mussolini in 1943 and extended through the Franco regime's later efforts to transform the party into a more viable political entity.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 483-564) and index.
About the Author
Stanley G. Payne is the Hilldale-Jaume Vicens Vives Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. His many books include The Franco Regime: 1936–1975; Fascism: Comparison and Definition; Spain’s First Democracy: The Second Republic, 1931–1936; and A History of Fascism, 1914–1945, all published by the University of Wisconsin Press.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Image of Spain
The Formation of a Hispanist
Part II: A Reading of the History of Spain
1. Visigoths and Asturians: "Spaniards"?
2. Spain and Islam: the Myth of Al-Andalus
3. Reconquest and Crusade: A "Spanish Ideology"?
4. Spain and the West
5. Identity, Monarchy, Empire
6. Spain and Portugal
7. Decadence and Recovery
8. The Problem of Spanish Liberalism
Part III: Dilemmas of Contemporary History
9. A Republic Without Republicans?
10. The Debate over Responsibilities
11. Moscow and Madrid: A Strange Encounter
12. The Spanish Civil War: Sequel to World War lor Prelude to World War II?
13. Jose Antonio: The Presence of El Ausente
14. Spanish Fascism: A "Strange Case"?
15. Francisco Franco: Fascist Monster or Savior of the Fatherland?
16. The Long Shadow of the Army
17. Controversies about History in Contemporary Spain