Synopses & Reviews
A comprehensive account of the theory and application of Monte Carlo methodsBased on years of research in efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimation of rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorial optimization, Fast Sequential Monte Carlo Methods for Counting and Optimization is a complete illustration of fast sequential Monte Carlo techniques. The book provides an accessible overview of current work in the field of Monte Carlo methods, specifically sequential Monte Carlo techniques, for solving abstract counting and optimization problems.
Written by authorities in the field, the book places emphasis on cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration. Focusing on the concepts and application of Monte Carlo techniques, Fast Sequential Monte Carlo Methods for Counting and Optimization includes:
- Detailed algorithms needed to practice solving real-world problems
- Numerous examples with Monte Carlo method produced solutions within the 1-2% limit of relative error
- A new generic sequential importance sampling algorithm alongside extensive numerical results
- An appendix focused on review material to provide additional background information
Fast Sequential Monte Carlo Methods for Counting and Optimization is an excellent resource for engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and readers interested in efficient simulation techniques. The book is also useful for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses on Monte Carlo methods.
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Review
The book is based mainly on ten years of research by Rubinstein andhis collaborators on efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimating rare-event probabilities, counting problems, and combinatorialoptimization. It emphasizes cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration methods. The material is forengineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and other theorists and practitioners who are interested in efficientsimulation, particularly efficient combinatorial optimization and counting.Annotation ©2014 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Synopsis
This book presents the first comprehensive account of fast sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods for counting and optimization at an exceptionally accessible level. Written by authorities in the field, it places great emphasis on cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration. The overall aim is to make SMC methods accessible to readers who want to apply and to accentuate the unifying and novel mathematical ideas behind SMC in their future studies or work.
Synopsis
Written by authorities in the field, this book presents an introduction to fast sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods for counting and optimization. Fast Sequential Monte Carlo Methods for Counting and Optimiztion is based on many years of research in efficient Monte Carlo methods for estimation of rare-event probabilities, for counting problems, and for combinatorial optimization. Particular emphasis throughout the book is placed on cross-entropy, minimum cross-entropy, splitting, and stochastic enumeration. The overall aim is to make SMC methods accessible to readers who want to apply and to accentuate the unifying and novel mathematical ideas behind SMC in their future studies or work. Formal definitions (e.g. theorems and proofs) are embedded either in-text or in examples and experiments while case studies are emphasized when and where appropriate.
About the Author
REUVEN Y. RUBINSTEIN, DSc, was Professor Emeritus in the Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. The author of over 100 articles and six books, Dr. Rubinstein was also the inventor of the popular score-function method in simulation analysis and generic cross-entropy methods for combinatorial optimization and counting.
AD RIDDER, PhD, is Associate Professor of Operations Research at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. His research interests include rare event simulation, applied probability problems, queuing models, and Monte Carlo methods.
RADISLAV VAISMAN is the author of numerous journal articles, and his research interests include rare event simulation, randomized algorithms, and on-line planning.
Table of Contents
Preface xi
1. Introduction to Monte Carlo Methods 1
2. Cross-Entropy Method 6
2.1. Introduction 6
2.2. Estimation of Rare-Event Probabilities 7
2.3. Cross-Entrophy Method for Optimization 18
2.4. Continuous Optimization 31
2.5. Noisy Optimization 33
3. Minimum Cross-Entropy Method 37
3.1. Introduction 37
3.2. Classic MinxEnt Method 39
3.3. Rare Events and MinxEnt 43
3.4. Indicator MinxEnt Method 47
3.5. IME Method for Combinatorial Optimization 52
4. Splitting Method for Counting and Optimization 56
4.1. Background 56
4.2. Quick Glance at the Splitting Method 58
4.3. Splitting Algorithm with Fixed Levels 64
4.4. Adaptive Splitting Algorithm 68
4.5. Sampling Uniformly on Discrete Regions 74
4.6. Splitting Algorithm for Combinatorial Optimization 75
4.7. Enhanced Splitting Method for Counting 76
4.8. Application of Splitting to Reliability Models 79
4.9. Numerical Results with the Splitting Algorithms 86
4.10. Appendix: Gibbs Sampler 104
5. Stochastic Enumeration Method 106
5.1. Introduction 106
5.2. OSLA Method and Its Extensions 110
5.3. SE Method 120
5.4. Applications of SE 127
5.5. Numerical Results 136
A. Additional Topics 148
A.1. Combinatorial Problems 148
A.1.1. Counting 149
A.1.2. Combinatorial Optimization 154
A.2. Information 162
A.2.1. Shannon Entropy 162
A.2.2. Kullback–Leibler Cross-Entropy 163
A.3. Efficiency of Estimators 164
A.3.1. Complexity 165
A.3.2. Complexity of Randomized Algorithms 166
Bibliography 169
Abbreviations and Acronyms 177
List of Symbols 178
Index 181