Synopses & Reviews
From the earliest silver-chloride calotypes of inventor of photography William Henry Fox-Talbot to developments in digital photography and the tiny but surprisingly capable cameras that are a component of every smartphone today, photography has changed dramatically over the past 150 years. As technology has advanced, so too has photography as a living, dynamic art form, as evidenced by the innovative techniques and compositions of contemporary photographic artists.
Drawing on a diverse collection of historical and contemporary photographs held by Bank Austria and on display at the Museum der Moderne Salzburg, Focus on Photography provides a rich visual record of the history of photography. The photographs reproduced here date from the 1840s to the 1970s and include works by Julia Margaret Cameron, Lewis Carroll, André Kertész, Josef Sudek, Eadweard Muybridge, Alexander Rodchenko, Lászlo Moholy-Nagy, Man Ray, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Diane Arbus, and Arnulf Rainer, among others, and range from landscapes and portraits to cutting-edge modern compositions. Together, they offer readers a series of invaluable reference points for thinking about of the important trends and developments throughout the history of photography.
A stunning, kaleidoscopic portfolio featuring nearly two centuries of photographic art with representation from among many major movements and figures, Focus on Photography will be welcomed by all with an interest in this powerful medium.
Fotografis, Bank Austrias unique collection of international historical photographs, traces the development of photography from its beginnings as an artistic medium to the 1970s. The focus of this publication is a selection of these world famous photographs, which are kept at the Museum der Moderne in Salzburg.
This volume presents the earliest photographs of the inventor of photography, William Henry Fox-Talbot, from 1840, as well as those of Julia Margaret Cameron from around 1900. Edward Steichen and Heinrich Kühn, who introduced painterly effects in the pictorialist style, are also represented. Edward Westons straight photography marked the beginning of a new chapter in art photography in the 1920s. Focus on Photography also includes the works of Man Ray, Alexander Rodchenko and László Moholy-Nagy, as well as the reportage photography of Weegee and Diane Arbus. It concludes with contemporary works such as those of Arnulf Rainer.
About the Author
Toni Stooss is an art historian and director of the Museum der Moderne Salzburg. He is the editor of several books, including Alex Katz: New York / Maine, also published by Hirmer Publishers.
Table of Contents
From the Bank to the Museum: A Foreword
The Fotografis Collection. A Reflection
Capturing the View and the Acceleration of Images: The Beginnings of Photography in the Nineteenth Century
Robert Adamson and David Octavius Hill, Frank Meadow Sutcliffe, Lewis Carroll, Nadar, Julia Margaret Cameron, Maxime Du Camp, Francis Frith, Felice and Antonio Beato, Alvin Langdon Colburn, Eugène Atget, Arthur Benda
“The Images have Interioity.” Art-Photography Portraits Between Traditional and Renewal
Edward Steichen, Heinrich Kühn, Madame dOra, Trude Fleischmann
Czech Photography before World War Two
Drahomír Josef Růžička, František Drtikol, Jaroslav Rössler, Hugo Táborský, Karel Novák, Jaromir Funke, Josef Sudek
Uwe M. Schneede
The Revolution of Images. Surrealist Image Inventions
Alexander Rodtschenko, László Moholy-Nagy, Man Ray, André Kertész, Francis Joseph Brugière, Herbert Bayer, Raoul Hausmann
Discerning Reality. The Photography of New Objectivity
Heinz Loew, Xanti Schawinsky, Otto Steinert, Werner Mantz, Karl Blossfeldt, Carl Strüwe, Freidrich Seidenstücker, August Sander, Albert Renger-Patszsch, Jan Lukas, Kitty Hoffman, Lothar Rübelt, Bernd and Hilla Becher
Formative Moments. On American Photography in the Fotografis Collection
Ernest Joseph Bellocq, Lewis Hine, Alfred Stieglitz, Paul Strand, Edward Weston, Paul Outerbridge, Beaumont Newhall, Weegee, Margaret Bourke-White, Walker Evans, Elliott Erwitt, Lee Friedlander, Diane Arbus, Judy Dater, Duane Michals, Les Krims, Ron Stark
Back to the Future. The Fotografis Collection en Route to the Present
Horst P. Horst, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Mario Giacomelli, Verena von Gagern, Werner H. Mraz, Christian Wachter, Sepp Dreissinger, Manfred Willmann, Arnulf Rainer, VALIE EXPORT
Index of Reproduced Works