Synopses & Reviews
For most readers and spectators, heroism takes the form of public, idealized masculinity. It calls to mind socially and morally elevated men embarking on active adventures: courageously confronting danger; valiantly rescuing the helpless; exploring and claiming unconquered terrain. But in this book, Mary Beth Rose argues that from the late sixteenth to the late seventeenth centuries, a passive, more female, but equally potent dimension of heroic identity began to dominate English culture. For both men and women, heroism came to be defined in terms of patience, as the ability to endure suffering, catastrophe, and pain.
Interweaving discourses of gender, Rose explores ways in which this heroics of endurance became the dominant model. She examines the glamorous, failed destinies of heroes in plays by Shakespeare, Jonson, and Marlowe; Elizabeth I's creation of a heroic identity in her public speeches; the autobiographies of four ordinary women thrust into the public sphere by civil war; and the seduction of heroes into slavery in works by Milton, Aphra Behn, and Mary Astell. Ultimately, her study demonstrates the importance of the female in the creation of modern heroism, while offering a critique of heroic values, including both idealized action and suffering.
AcknowledgmentsPrologue1."The observed of all observers": The Gendering of Heroism in Marlowe, Jonson, and Shakespeare2.Gender and the Construction of Royal Authority in the Speeches of Elizabeth I3.Gender, Genre, and History: Female Heroism in Seventeenth-Century Autobiography4."Vigorous most / When most unactive deem'd": Gender and the Heroics of Endurance in Milton's Samson Agonistes, Aphra Behn's Oroonoko, and Mary Astell's Some Reflections upon MarriageEpilogueNotesIndex
About the Author
Mary Beth Rose is a professor of English and director of the Institute for the Humanities at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She is coeditor of Elizabeth I: Collected Works and the author of The Expense of Spirit: Love and Sexuality in English Renaissance Drama.
Table of Contents
"The observed of all observers": The Gendering of Heroism in Marlowe, Jonson, and Shakespeare
Gender and the Construction of Royal Authority in the Speeches of Elizabeth I
Gender, Genre, and History: Female Heroism in Seventeenth-Century Autobiography
"Vigorous most / When most unactive deemd": Gender and the Heroics of Endurance in Miltons Samson Agonistes, Aphra Behns Oroonoko, and Mary Astells Some Reflections upon Marriage