Synopses & Reviews
Why has the economic growth performance of Sub-Saharan Africa been disappointing on balance over the past 50 years? More importantly, what can be done to reverse that trend and to sustain and improve upon the accelerated growth experienced in recent years? What are the possibilities and policies for Africa to reduce poverty and achieve sustained, rapid economic growth? What are the lessons of success in both Africa and elsewhere? Could some of the policies that proved so successful in East Asia help reverse the deindustrialization of Africa in the past three decades and be the basis of its structural transformation?
These were the questions posed to a diverse group of experts on development convened by the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD). This volume reflects the highlights of their deliberations. It broadens the policy debate, expands the policy options, and proposes alternative development strategies. This book captures the lively, and sometimes contentious, debate, and provides a note of optimism for the future. Though success is not assured, this volume argues that there is good reason to believe that policies based on lessons of successes, notably in East Asia, can be adapted successfully in African contexts.
About the Author
Akbar Noman is an economist with wide-ranging experience of policy analysis and formulation in a variety of developing and transition economies, having worked extensively for the World Bank where he was Senior Economist for Ethiopia and an influential adviser to the government. He combines teaching at SIPA with being a Senior Fellow at the Initiative for Policy Dialogue. His other academic appointments have been at Oxford University (where he was also a student) and the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex.
Kwesi Botchwey was Ghana's Ministers of Finance from 1983-1995 and he was key to stabilizing the country's collapsed economy. He is a member of the President's Economic Advisory Council (Ghana) and member of the UN Committee on Development Policy (CDP). His past positions include: Professor of Practice in Development Economics at the Fletcher School, Tufts University and Director of African Research and Programs at the Center for International Development at Harvard University.
Howard Stein also teaches in the Department of Epidemiology. He is a development economist educated in Canada, the US, and the UK who has taught in both Asia and Africa. His research has focused on foreign aid, finance and development, structural adjustment, health and development, rural property right transformation, and industrial policy. His most recent monograph is Beyond the World Bank Agenda: An Institutional Approach to Development (University of Chicago Press, 2008).
Joseph E. Stiglitz is the winner of the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, and a lead author of the 1995 report of the IPCC, which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. He was chairman of the U.S. Council of Economic Advisors under President Clinton and chief economist and senior vice president of the World Bank for 1997-2000. Prior to Columbia he held the Drummond Professorship at All Souls College, Oxford, and professorships at Yale, Stanford, and Princeton. He is the author of the best-selling Globalization and Its Discontents, Making Globalization Work, Fair Trade For All, and most recently of Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the Global Economy. His engagement with Africa began more than 40 years ago, at the Institute of Development Studies in Nairobi.
Table of Contents
Part I: Preface and Introduction
1. Introduction, Akbar Noman and Joseph Stiglitz
Part II: Governance, Institutions and the State
2. Governance and Growth: History, Ideology and Methods of Proof, Mushtaq Khan
3. Institutional Monocroping and Monotasking in Africa, Thandinka Mkandawire
4. Governance and Growth Challenges for Africa, Mushtaq Khan
5. States and Markets: Neoliberal Limitations and the Case for a Developmental State, Meles Zenaewi
6. The African Economic Growth Record and the Roles of Policy Syndromes and Governance, Augustin Fosu
Part III: Technology, Industrial and Trade Policies
7. Dynamic Capacity Development: What Africa Can Learn from Industrial Policy Formulation in East Asia, Izumi Ohno and Kenichi Ohno
8. How can Low-Income Countries Accelerate their Catch-up with High-Income Countries? The Case for Open-Economy Industrial Policy, Robert Wade
9. Institutional Capacity and Policy Choices for Latecomer Technology Development, Banji B. Oyeyinke and Padmashree Gehl Sampath
10. State-Business Relations, Investment Climate Reform and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, Kunal Sen and Dirk Willem te Velde
11. Africa, Industrial Policy and Export Processing Zones: Lessons from Asia, Howard Stein
12. South African Post-Apartheid Policies Towards Industrialization: Tentative Implications for Other African Countries, Nimrod Zalk
13. Issues in Africa's Industrial Policy Process, Matsuo Watanabe and Atsushi Hanatani
14. Tiger, Tiger Burning Bright? Industrial Policy Lessons from Ireland for Small African Economies, David Bailey, Helena Lenihan and Ajit Singh
Part IV: Employment and Human Capital
15. Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons to be Learnt from the East Asian Experience, Aziz Khan
16. Skills Development for Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Pragmatic Perspective, Yaw Ansu and Jee-Peng Tan
Part V: International Context
17. Economic Liberalization and Constraints to Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, Jomo K.S. and Rudiger von Arnim
18. The Emerging Asian Giants and Economic Development in Africa, Deepak Nayyar