Synopses & Reviews
Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development.
Due to the large amount of material available in the specialized literature, this handbook is composed of two volumes. Volume 1 explores fundamental materials science, design and optimization, beginning with a consideration of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors, such as polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production, palladium-based composite membranes and alternatives to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors. Following sections investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors and explore membrane reactor modeling, simulation and optimization, including use of mathematical modeling, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), artificial neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyze varied aspects of membrane reactor design and production enhancement.
Membrane reactors (MRs) use advanced membrane materials, design and manufacturing to replace conventional industrial separations, processes and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. By directly coupling a separation step with a reaction, MRs offer high thermodynamic efficiency, increasing throughput potential. This integrated processing offers both lower cost operation and the opportunity for process intensification in such fields as chemical and biochemical engineering, and in energy and environmental technologies. Increasing interest from both the scientific and industrial communities into MRs continues to stimulate research and development in this important field.
This two-volume work provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on membrane reactor science and technology, from basic phenomena to the most advanced applications and future perspectives. Volume 1 reviews MR materials science, engineering and design. Initial sections explain advanced and novel materials utilized in MRs. The conclusion details advanced modeling, simulation and optimization techniques for MRs.
About the Author
Angelo Basile works at the Institute on Membrane Technology-Italian National Research Council (ITM-CNR), Italy. He is responsible for the research related to the ultra-pure H2 production and CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. His main research interests are in the ultra-pure hydrogen production using Pd-based membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors and gas separation and purification using polymeric and inorganic membranes. In addition, he is Associate Editor of the "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy".
Table of Contents
Part 1 Polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors
: Polymeric membranes for membrane reactors; Inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production: An overview with particular emphasis on dense metallic membrane materials; Palladium-based composite membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors; Alternatives to palladium in membranes for hydrogen separation: nickel, niobium and vanadium alloys, ceramic supports for metal alloys and porous glass membranes; Nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors
Part 2 Zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors: Zeolite membrane reactors; Dense ceramic membranes for membrane reactors; Porous ceramic membranes for membrane reactors; Microporous silica membranes: Fundamentals and applications in membrane reactors for hydrogen separation; Carbon-based membranes for membrane reactors; Advances in catalysts for membrane reactors
Part 3 Membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation: Mathematical modelling of membrane reactors: Overview of strategies and applications for the modelling of a hydrogen-selective membrane reactor; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: simulation of single- and multi-tube palladium membrane reactors for hydrogen recovery from cyclohexane; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: simulation of a palladium-based membrane reactor in fuel cell micro-cogenerator system; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of membrane reactors: modelling of membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment; Models of membrane reactors based on artificial neural networks and hybrid approaches; Assessment of the key properties of materials used in membrane reactors by quantum computational approaches; Non-equilibrium thermodynamics for the description of transport of heat and mass across a zeolite membrane