I. HOW TO PUT A PAPER TOGETHER. The Planning Process.
The Need for Good Writing Skills.
Writing Seldom Goes Step By Step.
Think Before You Write.
Come Up with a Working Thesis.
Changing Your Thesis Mid-Writing.
Developing Details: Invention Techniques.
Bringing Order Out of Chaos. Addressing Your Readers.
Write as Naturally as You Speak.
Adjust Your Tone.
Choose an Appropriate Level of Language.
Use Jargon Carefully.
Use Gender-Free Language.
Avoid Biased Language.
To Say It Or Not Say It: Euphemisms. Useful Strategies For Developing Ideas.
Strategies for Narratives.
Strategies for Descriptions.
Strategies for Explaining a Process.
Strategies for Classifying and Analyzing.
Strategies for Comparing and Contrasting.
Strategies for Explaining Causes and Effects. Composing Effective Paragraphs.
Understanding the Basic Paragraph.
Developing the Ideas Fully.
Keeping Your Readers with You: Unity in Coherence.
Composing Special Paragraphs. Polishing Your Sentences.
Sentence Combining: Coordination and Subordination.
How Sentence Combining Works.
When to Use Sentence Combining.
Cut Out Unnecessary Words.
Use Mostly Active Voice.
Practice the Passive.
Be Specific and Vivid.
Exercise Your Imagination: Figures of Speech.
Constructing Impressive Sentences.
Use Parallel Structure.
Straighten Out Screwed-Up Sentences. The Revising And Editing Process.
Revising Your First Draft.
Revising on a Word Processor.
Setting a Revision Agenda.
Editing the Final Draft. Thinking Critically And Logically.
Cultivate a Questioning Attitude.
Detecting Slanted Writing.
A Quick Look at Logic.
Think For Yourself.
II. HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH PAPER. Conducting Your Research.
Scheduling Your Research Paper.
Topics for Researched Writing.
Organizing Your Search.
Some Suggestions for Using the Library.
Using the Internet.
Sweating Through Research. Using Your Sources.
Focussing the Thesis.
Organizing Your Notes.
To Cite Or Not to Cite.
To Quote OR Not to Quote.
Working Quotations in Smoothly.
Revising the Draft.
Sample Student Research Paper, “Kwanzaa: An American Creation” by Amelia Doggertt. Documenting Your Sources.
The MLA Documentation Style for Humanities.
Sample Entries for a Works Cited List.
The APA Style of Documentation for the Social Sciences.
Sample Entries for a Reference List.
III. HOW TO MAKE YOUR WRITING CLEAR AND CORECT. Reviewing The Basics Of Grammar.
A Quick Look at the Parts of Speech.
Putting the Words Together. Punctuating For Clarity And Effectiveness.
Separating and Connecting.
Punctuating Within Sentences: Using Commas.
When Not to Use Commas.
Punctuation Between Sentences.
Marking Sentence Boundaries Clearly.
Recognizing and Revising Sentence Fragments.
Copying with Apostrophes.
Using Italics (Underlining).
Using Hyphens. Working With Verbs.
Getting Subjects and Verbs to Agree.
Watching Out for Irregular Verbs.
Staying in he Same Tense. Managing Pronouns And Modifiers.
Sorting Out Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns.
Strategies for Avoiding Sexist Pronouns.
Confusion with the Pronouns This and Which.
Choosing Pronoun Case: I or Me? He or Him?.
Revising Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers. A User's Guide To Troublesome Words And Phrases.
Double Trouble: Words That Are Easily Confused.