Synopses & Reviews
American drivers park free for 99 percent of their automobile trips. Cities require developers to provide ample off-street parking for every new building. The cost? Sprawl that makes cities more fit for cars than people, and a nationwide fleet of motor vehicles that consumes one-eighth of the world's total oil production. Cities would be in much better shape if planners regulated the quality, rather than the quantity, of parking spaces. Donald Shoup contends that parking is seriously misunderstood and mismanaged by planners, architects, and politicians alike. He takes an economist's approach to the problem and proposes reforms that--by making better use of markets--would greatly improve transportation, urban design, the economy, and the environment.
American drivers park for free on nearly ninety-nine percent of their car trips, and cities require developers to provide ample off-street parking for every new building. The resulting cost? Today we see sprawling cities that are better suited to cars than people and a nationwide fleet of motor vehicles that consume one-eighth of the world's total oil production. Donald Shoup contends in The High Cost of Free Parking
that parking is sorely misunderstood and mismanaged by planners, architects, and politicians. He proposes new ways for cities to regulate parking so that Americans can stop paying for free parking's hidden costs.
About the Author
Donald C. Shoup
, AICP, is the chair of the Department of Urban Planning at the University of California at Los Angeles. He holds a doctorate in economics from Yale University. From 1996 to 2001, Shoup directed the Institute of Transportation Studies at UCLA. He is the author of numerous articles on parking, including "Buying Time at the Curb" in The Half-Life of Policy Rationales: How New Technology Affects Old Policy Issues and "Unlimited Access" in the journal Transportation
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements 1. The Twenty-First Century Parking Problem Part I: Planning for Free Parking
2. Unnatural Selection3. The Pseudoscience of Planning for Parking4. An Analogy: Ancient Astronomy5. A Great Planning Disaster6. The Cost of Required Parking Spaces7. Putting the Cost of Free Parking in Perspective8. An Allegory: Minimum Telephone Requirements9. Public Parking in Lieu of Private Parking10. Reduce Demand Rather than Increase Supply Part II: Cruising for Parking
11. Cruising12. The Right Price for Curb Parking13. Choosing to Cruise14. California Cruising Part III
: Cashing in on Curb Parking
15. Buying Time at the Curb16. Turning Small Change into Big Changes17. Taxing Foreigners Living Abroad18. Let Prices Do the Planning19. The Ideal Source of Local Public Revenue20. Unbundled Parking21. Time for a Paradigm Shift Part IV: Conclusion
22. Changing the Future Appendix A: The Practice of Parking RequirementsAppendix B: Nationwide Transportation SurveysAppendix C: The Language of ParkingAppendix D: The Calculus of Driving, Parking, and WalkingAppendix E: The Price of Land and the Cost of ParkingAppendix F: People, Parking, and CitiesAppendix G: Converting Traffic Congestion into CashAppendix H: The Vehicles of Nations ReferencesIndexTablesFigures