Strength of materials is that branch of engineering concerned with the deformation and disruption of solids when forces
other than changes in position or equilibrium are acting upon them. The development of our understanding of the strength of materials has enabled engineers to establish the forces which can safely be imposed on structure or components, or to choose materials appropriate to the necessary dimensions of structures and components which have to withstand given loads without suffering effects deleterious to their proper functioning.
This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials with many references to the theories of elasticity and structures is based on an extensive series of lectures delivered by the author at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Timoshenko explores the early roots of the discipline from the great monuments and pyramids of ancient Egypt through the temples, roads, and fortifications of ancient Greece and Rome. The author fixes the formal beginning of the modern science of the strength of materials with the publications of Galileo's book, "Two Sciences," and traces the rise and development as well as industrial and commercial applications of the fledgling science from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century.
Timoshenko fleshes out the bare bones of mathematical theory with lucid demonstrations of important equations and brief biographies of highly influential mathematicians, including: Euler, Lagrange, Navier, Thomas Young, Saint-Venant, Franz Neumann, Maxwell, Kelvin, Rayleigh, Klein, Prandtl, and many others. These theories, equations, and biographies are further enhanced by clear discussions of the development of engineering and engineering education in Italy, France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. 245 figures.
This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials features many references to the theories of elasticity and structure. Covers the pyramids of ancient Egypt to the fortifications of the Greeks and Romans. 245 figures.
The father of modern engineering mechanics, Stephen Timoshenko (1868-1972) taught for decades at Stanford University. His seminal engineering texts remain in wide use.
Preface
Introduction
I. THE STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
1. Galileo
2. Galileo's work on strength of materials
3. Organization of the national academies of science
4. Robert Hooke
5. Mariotte
II. ELASTIC CURVES
6. The mathematicians Bernoulli
7. Euler
8. Euler's contribution to strength of materials
9. Lagrange
III. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
10. Engineering applications of strength of materials
11. Parent
12. Coulomb
13. Experimental study of the mechanical properties of structual materials in the eighteenth century
14. Theory of retaining walls in the eighteenth century
15. Theory of arches in the eighteenth century
IV. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1800 AND 1833
16. L'Ecole Polytechnique
17. Navier
18. Navier's book on strength of materials
19. The experimental work of French engineers between 1800 and 1833
20. The theories of arches and suspension bridges between 1800 and 1833
21. Poncelet
22. Thomas Young
23. Strength of materials in England between 1800 and 1833
24. Other notable European contributions to strength of materials
V. THE BEGINNING OF THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY
25. Equations of equilibrium in the theory of elasticity
26. Cauchy
27. Poisson
28. G. Lamé and B. P. E. Clapeyron
29. The theory of plates
VI. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867
30. Fairbairn and Hodgkinson
31. The growth of German engineering schools
32. Saint-Venant's contributions to the theory of bending of beams
33. Jourawski's analysis of shearing stresses in beams
34. Continuous beams
35. Bresse
36. E. Winkler
VII. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EVOLUTION OF RAILWAY ENGINEERING
37. Tubular bridges
38. Early investigations on fatigue of metals
39. The work of Wöhler
40. Moving loads
41. Impact
42. The early stages in the theory of trusses
43. K. Culmann
44. W. J. Macquorn Rankine
45. J. C. Maxwell's contributions to the theory of structures
46. Problems of elastc stability. Column formulas
47. Theory of retaining walls and arches between 1833 and 1867
VIII. THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867
48. "The physical elasticity and "the elastic constant controversy"
49. Early work in elasticity at Cambridge University
50. Stokes
50a. Barré de Saint-Venant
51. The semi-inverse method
52. The later work of Saint-Venant
53. Duhamel and Phillips
54. Franz Neumann
55. G. R. Kirchoff
56. A. Clebsch
57. Lord Kelvin
58. James Clerk Maxwell
IX. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900
59. Mechanical Testing Laboratories
60. The work of O. Mohr
61. Strain energy and Castigliano's theorem
62. Elastic stability problems
63. August Föppl
X. THEORY OF STRUCTURES IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900
64. Statistically determinate trusses
65. Deflection of trusses
66. Statically indeterminate trusses
67. Arches and retaining walls
XI. THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1867 AND 1900
68. The work of Saint-Venant's pupils
69. Lord Rayleigh
70. Theory of elasticity in England between 1867 and 1900
71. Theory of elasticity in Germany between 1867 and 1900
71a. Solutions of two-dimensional problems between 1867 and 1900
XII. PROGRESS IN STRENGTH OF MATERIALS DURING THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
72. Properties of materials within the elastic limit
73. Fracture of brittle materials
74. Testing of ductile materials
75. Strength theories
76. Creep of metals at elevated temperatures
77. Fatigue of metals
78. Experimental stress analysis
XIII. THEORY OF ELASTICITY DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950
79. Felix Klein
80. Ludwig Prandtl
81. Approximate methods of solving elasticity problems
82. Three-dimensional problems of elasticity
83. Two-dimensional problems of elasticity
84. Bending of plates and shells
85. Elastic stability
86. Vibrations and impact
XIV. THEORY OF STRUCTURES DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950
87. New methods of solving statically indeterminate systems
88. Arches and suspension bridges
89. Stresses in railway tracks
90. Theory of ship structures
Name Index
Subject Index