Synopses & Reviews
In Hollywood Left and Right
, Steven J. Ross tells a story that has escaped public attention: the emergence of Hollywood as a vital center of political life and the important role that movie stars have played in shaping the course of American politics.
Ever since the film industry relocated to Hollywood early in the twentieth century, it has had an outsized influence on American politics. Through compelling larger-than-life figures in American cinema--Charlie Chaplin, Louis B. Mayer, Edward G. Robinson, George Murphy, Ronald Reagan, Harry Belafonte, Jane Fonda, Charlton Heston, Warren Beatty, and Arnold Schwarzenegger--Hollywood Left and Right reveals how the film industry's engagement in politics has been longer, deeper, and more varied than most people would imagine. As shown in alternating chapters, the Left and the Right each gained ascendancy in Tinseltown at different times. From Chaplin, whose movies almost always displayed his leftist convictions, to Schwarzenegger's nearly seamless transition from action blockbusters to the California governor's mansion, Steven J. Ross traces the intersection of Hollywood and political activism from the early twentieth century to the present.
Hollywood Left and Right challenges the commonly held belief that Hollywood has always been a bastion of liberalism. The real story, as Ross shows in this passionate and entertaining work, is far more complicated. First, Hollywood has a longer history of conservatism than liberalism. Second, and most surprising, while the Hollywood Left was usually more vocal and visible, the Right had a greater impact on American political life, capturing a senate seat (Murphy), a governorship (Schwarzenegger), and the ultimate achievement, the Presidency (Reagan).
About the Author
Steven J. Ross is an eminent historian of the film industry whose previous book is the award-winning Working-Class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America (Princeton, 1998). Hollywood Left and Right will be the culmination of years of extensive research into archival sources as well as memoirs, oral histories, and several dozen interviews (Warren Beatty is just one of the actors who has agreed to an interview with Ross). This book will appeal to readers of Neal Gabler's An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood (Crown, 1988), Peter Biskind's Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex-Drugs-and Rock'n'Roll Generation Saved Hollywood (Simon and Schuster 1988) and Ronald Brownstein's The Power and the Glitter: The Hollywood Washington Connection (Pantheon 1990), as well as those interested in political history, cultural history, and the history of the film industry.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Movie Stars and Politics
1: The First Political Movie Star: Charlie Chaplin
2: The Man Who Brought Hollywood into the Republican Party: Louis B. Mayer
3: Little Caesar and the HUAC Mob: Edward G. Robinson
4: Hollywood and the Conservative Revolution: George Murphy and Ronald Reagan
5: Politics in Black and White: Harry Belafonte
6: Movement Leader, Grassroots Builder: Jane Fonda
7: Moses and the Red Tide: Charlton Heston
8: President Bulworth, or, Will Mr. Beatty Go to Washington? Warren Beatty
9: Governor Arnold and the New Age of Celebrity Politics: Arnold Schwarzenegger