Synopses & Reviews
THE HUMAN RECORD is the leading primary source reader for the World History course, providing balanced coverage of the global past. Each volume contains a blend of visual and textual sources which are often paired or grouped together for comparison. A prologue entitled "Primary Sources and How to Read Them" appears in each volume and provides background and guidance for analyzing sources such as those in the text. Approximately one-third of the sources in the Seventh Edition are new, and these documents continue to reflect the myriad experiences of the peoples of the world.
About the Author
Alfred Andrea received his Ph.D. from Cornell University. He is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Vermont, where he taught from 1967 through 2001. His initial training focused on medieval European history, with an emphasis on Byzantine-Western relations and the Crusades. He has since published three books on the Crusades, as well as numerous articles on a variety of historical issues. Dr. Andrea is also the author of THE MEDIEVAL RECORD, a primary source reader published by Houghton Mifflin (1997). In 2002 he was Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the University of Louisville, and for the past decade he has served as an officer of the World History Association. James H. Overfield received his Ph.D. from Princeton University. He is Professor and Chair of History at the University of Vermont. In 1999 he received the University's outstanding teaching award. His publications include HUMANISM AND SCHOLASTICISM IN LATE MEDIEVAL GERMANY (Princeton University Press, 1984), as well as numerous articles published in such journals as Societas and Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History. He is also the author of SOURCES OF TWENTIETH-CENTURY GLOBAL HISTORY, published by Houghton Mifflin (2002).
Table of Contents
PART ONE: THE ANCIENT WORLD. 1. The First Civilizations. Mesopotamia: The Epic of Gilgamesh; The Judgments of Hammurabi. Egypt: The Person Who Was Tired of Life; Tale of the Eloquent Peasant. China: The Book of Documents; The Book of Songs. Mute Testimony: Indus Seals, Mesopotamian Seals, and Cretan Seals; Two Temple Reliefs. Multiple Voices I: A Pyramid Text; A Coffin Text; The Negative Confession. 2. Newcomers: From Nomads to Settlers. The Indo-Europeans: The Rig Veda; Homer, The Odyssey. The Israelites and Their Neighbors: The Book of Genesis; The Book of Deuteronomy. 3. Transcendental Reality: Developing the Spiritual Traditions of India and Southwest Asia: 800-200 B.C.E. The Emergence of Brahminical Hinduism: The Upanishads; The Bhagavad-Gita. The Teachings of the Buddha: The Buddha, Setting in Motion the Wheel of the Law; The Buddha, Questions That Tend Not to Edification. Persians, Israelites, and Their Gods: Zarathustra, Gathas; The Book of Isaiah. 4. The Secular Made Sacred: Developing the Humanistic Traditions of China and Hellas: 600-200 B.C.E. China: Laozi, The Classic of the Way and Virtue; Confucius, The Analects; Qin Shi Huangdi, Qin Penal Laws. Hellenic Civilization: Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War; Euripedes, The Bacchae; Plato, Phaedo; Three Hellenic Works of Art. Multiple Voices II: The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine; Testimonials At Epidauros; Hippocrates, On the Sacred Disease 5. Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange: 300 B.C.E.-500 C.E. The Greco-Roman World: Four Hellenistic Sculptures; Virgil, The Aeneid. Han China: Huan Kuan, Discourses on Salt and Iron; Ban Zhao, Lessons For Women. India in the Age of Empires: Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts; Faxian, Travels Multiple Voices III: Pliny the Elder, Natural History; Faxian, Travels; Four Robed Statues PART TWO: FAITH, DEVOTION, AND SALVATION: GREAT WORLD RELIGIONS TO 1500 6. New Developments in Three Ancient Religions Mahayana Buddhism: Tales of Guanshiyin; Three Bodhisattvas. Bhakti: Narada, The Bhakti Sutra; Shiva Naturaja. Rabbinical Judaism: Flavius Josephus, Against Apion; The Babylonian Talmud. 7. Christianity: Conquering the World for Christ The Foundations of Christianity: The Gospel of Saint Matthew; Saint Paul, Epistle To the Romans. Christianity and the Roman World: Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History; The Theodosian Code; Christ the Redeemer of the World. Beyond the Roman World: Rufinus of Aquileia, Church History; Bishop Adam, The Christian Monument. Multiple Voices IV: The Gospel of Thomas; Irenaeus, Against Heresies; Homilies of Clement; Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History; The Creed of Nicaea. 8. Islam: Universal Submission to God The Foundations of Islamic Life: The Quran; Abu Abdullah ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, The Authentic [Traditions]; Muhammad ibn Ishaq, The Life of the Messenger of God; Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd, The Distinguished Jurist's Primer. Variety and Unity within Islam: Ibn Babawayh al-Saduq, Creed Concerning the Imams; Mahmud Kati, The Chronicle of the Seeker; Jalaluddin al-Rumi, Spiritual Couplets. Multiple Voices V: The Pact of Ibn Muslama; The Pact of Umar; Benjamin of Tudela, Book of Travels; The Deeds of Sultan Firuz Shah. PART THREE: CONTINUITY, CHANGE, AND INTERCHANGE: 500-1500 9. Asia: Change in the Context of Tradition Japan: Chronicles of Japan; Sei Shonagon, The Pillow Book; Chronicle of the Grand Pacification. China: Du Fu, Poems; The Old Tang History; Chen Pu, The Craft of Farming. Southwest Asia: Al-Jahiz, The Merits of the Turks and of the Imperial Army As a Whole; Ibn Jubayr, Travels; A Thousand and One Arabian Nights. India: Abul Raihan al-Biruni, Description of India; Vikrama's Adventures. Multiple Voices VI: Shi Baochang, Lives of the Nuns; Han Yu, Memorial on Buddhism; Proclamation Ordering the Destruction of Buddhist Monasteries; Zhu Xi, Conversations of Master Zhu, Arranged Topically. 10. Two Christian Civilizations: Byzantium and Western Europe Justinian the Great: The Mosaics of San Vitale; Michael Psellus, Chronographia. Charles the Great: Pope Leo III's Lateran Mosaic; Charles the Great, Capitulary on Saxony and Letter To Pope Leo III. Byzantium and the West in the Age of Otto the Great: Liudprand of Cremona, A Report on the Embassy To Constantinople; A Byzantine Icon of the Koimesis and A Dormition Miniature. Imperium versus Sacerdotium: Dictatus Papae; Henry IV, Letter To Hildebrand; John of Paris, A Treatise on Royal and Papal Power; Anna Comnena, Alexiad. Multiple Voices VII: Baldric of Dol, The Jerusalem History; Anna Comnena, Alexiad; Robert of Clari, The Capture of Constantinople; Nicetas Choniates, Annals; Innocent III, Letters To the Crusaders. 11. Africa and the Americas Africa: Abul-Hasan Ali al-Masudi, Meadows of Gold; Abu Ubaydallah al-Bakri, The Book of Routes and Realms; Ethiopian Royal Chronicle; . Seated Female Figure. The Americas: Three Mayan Ceramic Sculptures; Diego Dur?n, Book of the Gods and Rites; Pedro de Cieza de Leon, Chronicles. PART FOUR: TRAVEL, ENCOUNTER, AND EXCHANGE: 1000-1700 12. Adventurers, Merchants, Diplomats, Pilgrims, and Missionaries: A Half Millennium of Travel and Encounter: 1000-1500 The World Perceived: Zhau Rugua, A Description of Foreign Peoples; The Book of John Mandeville; The Kangnido. Travel in the Age of the Pax Mongolica: William of Rubruck, Journey To the Land of the Tartars; Marco Polo, Description of the World; Odoric of Pordenone, Report; Francesco Pegolotti, The Practice of Commerce. Long-Distance Travel beyond the Mongol Peace: Ibn Battuta, A Donation To Those Interested in Curiosities; Ruy Gonz?lez de Clavijo, Embassy To Tamerlane; Huan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores; Gomes Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of Guinea. 13: Transoceanic Encounters: 1500-1700 Europeans in the Americas: Bernardino de Sahagun, General History of the Things of New Spain; Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa, Compendium and Description of the West Indies. African Reactions to the European Presence: Nzinga Mbemba (Afonso I), Letters To the King of Portugal; A Benin-Portuguese Saltcellar and A Benin Wall Plaque; . James Barbot, A Voyage To New Calabar River in the Year 1699. Chinese and Japanese Reactions to the West: Matteo Ricci, Journals; Tokugawa Iemitsu, Closed Country Edict of 1635 and Exclusion of the Portuguese; 1639. The Great Mughals and the West: Abul Fazl, Akbarnama; Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Travels in India. Multiple Voices VIII: Hernan Cortes, Report; Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The History of the Conquest of New Spain; Bernardino de Sahagun, General History of the Things of New Spain; Lienzo De Tlaxcala.