Synopses & Reviews
Antonio Land#243;pez de Santa Anna (1794and#8211;1876) is one of the most famous, and infamous, figures in Mexican history. Six times the countryand#8217;s president, he is consistently depicted as a traitor, a turncoat, and a tyrantand#8212;the exclusive cause of all of Mexicoand#8217;s misfortunes following the countryand#8217;s independence from Spain. He is also, as this biography makes clear, grossly misrepresented.and#160;Drawing on seventeen years of research into the politics of independent Mexico, Will Fowler provides a revised picture of Santa Annaand#8217;s life, with new insights into his activities in his bailiwick of Veracruz and in his numerous military engagements. The Santa Anna who emerges from this book is an intelligent, dynamic, yet reluctant leader, ingeniously deceptive at times, courageous and patriotic at others. His extraordinary story is that of a middle-class provincial criollo, a high-ranking officer, an arbitrator, a dedicated landowner, and a political leader who tried to prosper personally and help his country develop at a time of severe and repeated crises, as the colony that was New Spain gave way to a young, troubled, besieged, and beleaguered Mexican nation.and#160;Deconstructing the myths surrounding Santa Annaand#8217;s life, the book offers a fresh view of a critical chapter in Mexicoand#8217;s history.
Behind every pronunciamiento
, a formal list of grievances designed to spark political change in nineteenth-century Mexico, was a disgruntled individual, rebel, or pronunciado
. Initially a role undertaken by soldiers, a pronunciado rallied military communities to petition for local, regional, and even national interests. As the popularity of these petitions grew, however, they evolved from a military-led practice to one endorsed and engaged by civilians, priests, indigenous communities, and politicians.
The second in a series of books exploring the phenomenon of the pronunciamiento, this volume examines case studies of individual and collective pronunciados in regions across Mexico. Top scholars examine the motivations of individual pronunciados and the reasons they succeeded or failed; why garrisons, town councils, and communities adopted the pronunciamiento as a political tool and form of representation and used it to address local and national grievances; and whether institutions upheld corporate aims in endorsing, supporting, or launching pronunciamientos. The essays provide a better understanding of the rebel leaders behind these public acts of defiance and reveal how an insurrectionary repertoire became part of a national political culture.
The Plan of San Diego, a rebellion proposed in 1915 to overthrow the U.S. government in the Southwest and establish a Hispanic republic in its stead, remains one of the most tantalizing documents of the Mexican Revolution. The plan called for an insurrection of Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and African Americans in support of the Mexican Revolution and the waging of a genocidal war against Anglos. The resulting violence approached a race war and has usually been portrayed as a Hispanic struggle for liberation brutally crushed by the Texas Rangers, among others.
The Plan de San Diego: Tejano Rebellion, Mexican Intrigue, based on newly available archival documents, is a revisionist interpretation focusing on both south Texas and Mexico. Charles H. Harris III and Louis R. Sadler argue convincingly that the insurrection in Texas was made possible by support from Mexico when it suited the regime of President Venustiano Carranza, who co-opted and manipulated the plan and its supporters for his own political and diplomatic purposes in support of the Mexican Revolution.
The study examines the papers of Augustine Garza, a leading promoter of the plan, as well as recently released and hitherto unexamined archival material from the Federal Bureau of Investigation documenting the day-to-day events of the conflict.
In mid-nineteenth-century Mexico, garrisons, town councils, state legislatures, and an array of political actors, groups, and communities began aggressively petitioning the government at both local and national levels to address their grievances. Often viewed as a revolt or a coup dandrsquo;andeacute;tat, these pronunciamientos
were actually a complex form of insurrectionary action that relied first on the proclamation and circulation of a plan that listed the petitionersandrsquo; demands and then on endorsement by copycat pronunciamientos that forced the authorities, be they national or regional, to the negotiating table.and#160;In Independent Mexico
, Will Fowler provides a comprehensive overview of the pronunciamiento practice following the Plan of Iguala. This fourth and final installment in, and culmination of, a larger exploration of the pronunciamiento highlights the extent to which this model of political contestation evolved. The result of more than three decades of pronunciamiento politics was the bloody Civil War of the Reforma (1858andndash;60) and the ensuing French Intervention (1862andndash;67). Given the frequency and importance of the pronunciamiento, this book is also a concise political history of independent Mexico.
About the Author
Will Fowler is a professor of Latin American Studies at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. His many books include Forceful Negotiations: The Origins of the Pronunciamiento in Nineteenth-Century Mexico (Nebraska, 2010) and Santa Anna of Mexico (available in a Bison Books edition).and#160;Contributors include Catherine Andrews, Linda Arnold, Raymond Buve, Sergio Caand#241;edo Gamboa, Eduardo Flores Clair, Juan Ortiz Escamilla, Erika Pani, Terry Rugeley, Anne Staples, Guy P.C. Thomson, and Josefina Zoraida Vazquez.