Synopses & Reviews
This text has two unifying themes: materials balances and environmental ethics. First, the book demonstrates that environmental problems need to be solved using a holistic approach instead of a fragmented, single-pollution or single-medium approach. By using the concepts of materials balances, reactions, and reactors, the authors integrate and unify the presentation of water supply, waste-water treatment, air pollution control, and solid and hazardous waste management. Second, since ethics plays an increasingly important part in the professional lives of engineers, the authors incorporate ethical decision making into the discussions and problems. In many of the problems, students are required not only to solve the technical part, but also to consider the ethical ramifications of solving the technical problems.
This text has two unifying themes: materials balances and environmental ethics. The authors demonstrate that environmental problems need to be solved using a holistic approach and incorporate ethical decision-making into the discussions and problems.
This text presents a balanced treatment of environmental engineering by combining engineering concepts with the importance of environmental ethics. This third edition highlights sustainable development and emphasizes the need for engineers to become even more environmentally responsible during this time of increasing awareness of environmental concerns. The authors challenge students with problems that require not only a technical solution but a thorough consideration of its ethical ramifications. The text also provides comprehensive exposure to all types of environmental problems, including ecosystem dynamics, wastewater treatment, and air pollution control.
About the Author
Following his undergraduate degree in civil engineering from Lehigh University, Vesilind received his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of North Carolina in 1968. He spent a post-doctoral year with the Norwegian Institute for Water Research in Oslo and a year as a research engineer with Bird Machine Company. He joined the faculty at Duke University in 1970 where he served as chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. In 1999 he was appointed to the R. L. Rooke Chair of the Historical and Societal Context of Engineering at Bucknell University. He served in this capacity until his retirement in 2006.Morgan received her B.S. in civil engineering from Southern Illinois Universiy Carbondale. A recipient of a National Science Foundation Fellowship, she earned her Ph.D in environmental engineering from Clemson University. She joined the faculty in the Department of Civil Engineering at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville in 1996. From 199-2007 she served as the Graduate Program Director for the Department. Currently she is a tenured professor and Department Chair. She is a licensed professional engineer in Illinois. Dr. Morgan has been active on the Environmental Technical Committee of the St. Louis Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers and in the St. Clair Chapter of the Illinois Society of Professional Engineers. She has received multiple awards including the National Society of Professional Engineers' Youn Engineering of the Year Award in 2001. She is a member of several honor societies, including Chi Epsilon and Tau Beta Pi, as well as other engineering organizations. She has conducted research in a variety of areas. Currently her focus is on stormwater management, particularly through the use of green roofs.
Table of Contents
Part One - Environmental Engineering 1 - Identifying and Solving Environmental Problems What is Environmental Engineering / The Holy Cross College Hepatitis Outbreak / The Disposal of Wastewater Sludge / The Donora Episode / Jersey City Chromium / The Discovery of Biological Wastewater Treatment / The Garbage Barge / Sustainability and Cradle-to-Cradle Design / End Notes Part Two - Fundamentals 2 - Engineering Decisions Decisions Based on Technical Analyses / Decisions Based on Cost-Effectiveness Analyses / Decisions Based on Benefit/Cost Analyses / Decisions Based on Risk Analyses / Decisions Based on Alternatives Assessment / Decisions Based on Environmental Impact Analyses / Decisions Based on Ethical Analyses / Continuity in Engineering Decisions / Problems / End Notes 3 - Engineering Calculations Engineering Dimensions and Units / Approximations in Engineering Calculations / Information Analysis / Problems / End Notes 4 - Material Balances and Separations Material Balances with a Single Material / Material Balances with Multiple Materials / Material Balances with Reactors / Problems / End Notes 5 - Reactions Zero-Order Reactions / First-Order Reactions / Second-Order and Noninteger-Order Reactions / Half-Life and Doubling Time / Consecutive Reactions / Problems / End Notes 6 - Reactors Mixing Model / Reactor Models / Problems 7 - Energy Flows and Balances Units of Measure / Energy Balances and Conversion / Energy Sources and Availability / Problems 8 - Ecosystems Energy and Material Flows in Ecosystems / Human Influence on Ecosystems / Problems / End Notes Part Three - Applications 9 - Water Quality Measures of Water Quality / Assessing Water Quality / Water Quality Standards / Problems / End Notes 10 - Water Supply and Treatment The Hydrologic Cycle and Water Availability / Water Treatment / Distribution of Water / Problems / End Notes 11 - Wastewater Treatment Wastewater / Preliminary and Primary Treatment / Secondary Treatment / Tertiary Treatment / Sludge Treatment and Disposal / Selection of Treatment Strategies / Problems / End Notes 12 - Air Quality Meteorology and Air Movement / Major Air Pollutants / Sources and Effects of Air Pollution / Air Quality Standards / Problems / End Notes 13 - Air Quality Control Treatment of Emissions / Dispersion of Air Pollutants / Control of Moving Sources / Problems / End Notes 14 - Solid Waste Collection of Refuse / Generation of Refuse / Reuse and Recycling of Materials from Refuse / Combustion of Refuse / Ultimate Disposal of Refuse: Sanitary Landfills / Reducing the Generation of Refuse: Source Reduction / Integrated Solid Waste Management / Problems / End Notes 15 - Hazardous Waste Defining Hazardous Waste / Hazardous Waste Management / Radioactive Waste Management / Sustainable Materials Management / Hazardous Waste Management and Future Generations / Problems / End Notes 16 - Noise Pollution Sound / Measurement of Sound / Effect of Noise on Human Health / Noise Abatement / Noise Control / Problems / End Notes 17 - Ethics of Green Engineering Green Engineering / Motivations for Practicing Green Engineering / Conclusions / End Notes