Synopses & Reviews
Authors Wayne Winston and Munirpallam Venkataramanan emphasize model-formulation and model-building skills as well as interpretation of computer software output. Focusing on deterministic models, this book is designed for the first half of an operations research sequence. A subset of Winston's best-selling OPERATIONS RESEARCH, INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING offers self-contained chapters that make it flexible enough for one- or two-semester courses ranging from advanced beginning to intermediate in level. The book has a strong computer orientation and emphasizes model-formulation and model-building skills. Every topic includes a corresponding computer-based modeling and solution method and every chapter presents the software tools needed to solve realistic problems. LINDO, LINGO, and Premium Solver for Education software packages are available with the book.
Synopsis
This textbook describes the model building process for analyzing operations research questions and the tools of linear programming for solving optimization problems. The CD-ROM contains student editions of Lindo, Lingo, Predict, and Premium Solver. The fourth edition adds chapters on simulated annea
About the Author
Wayne L. Winston is Professor Emeritus of Decision Sciences at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University and is now a Professor of Decision and Information Sciences at the Bauer College at the University of Houston. He has won more than 45 teaching awards, including the school-wide MBA award six times. His current interest is in showing how spreadsheet models can be used to solve business problems in all disciplines, particularly in finance, sports, and marketing. In addition to publishing more than 20 articles in leading journals, Dr. Winston has written such successful textbooks as OPERATIONS RESEARCH: APPLICATIONS AND ALGORITHMS, MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING: APPLICATIONS AND ALGORITHMS, SIMULATION MODELING WITH @RISK, DATA ANALYSIS FOR MANAGERS, SPREADSHEET MODELING AND APPLICATIONS, MATHLETICS, DATA ANALYSIS AND BUSINESS MODELING WITH EXCEL 2013, MARKETING ANALYTICS, and FINANCIAL MODELS USING SIMULATION AND OPTIMIZATION. He received his B.S. degree in mathematics from MIT and his Ph.D. in operations research from Yale.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION TO MODEL BUILDING. An Introduction to Modeling. The Seven-Step Model-Building Process. Examples. 2. BASIC LINEAR ALGEBRA. Matrices and Vectors. Matrices and Systems of Linear Equations. The Gauss-Jordan Method for Solving Systems of Linear Equations. Linear Independence and Linear Dependence. The Inverse of a Matrix. Determinants. 3. INTRODUCTION TO LINEAR PROGRAMING. What is a Linear Programming Problem? The Graphical Solution of Two-Variable Linear Programming Problems. Special Cases. A Diet Problem. A Work-Scheduling Problem. A Capital Budgeting Problem. Short-term Financial Planning. Blending Problems. Production Process Models. Using Linear Programming to Solve Multiperiod Decision Problems: An Inventory Model. Multiperiod Financial Models. Multiperiod Work Scheduling. 4. THE SIMPLEX ALGORITM AND GOAL PROGRAMING. How to Convert an LP to Standard Form. Preview of the Simplex Algorithm. The Simplex Algorithm. Using the Simplex Algorithm to Solve Minimization Problems. Alternative Optimal Solutions. Unbounded LPs. The LINDO Computer Package. Matrix Generators, LINGO, and Scaling of LPs. Degeneracy and the Convergence of the Simplex Algorithm. The Big M Method. The Two-Phase Simplex Method. Unrestricted-in-Sign Variables. Karmarkars Method for Solving LPs. Multiattribute Decision-Making in the Absence of Uncertainty: Goal Programming. Solving LPs with Spreadsheets. 5. SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS: AN APPLIED APPROACH. A Graphical Introduction to Sensitivity Analysis. The Computer and Sensitivity Analysis. Managerial Use of Shadow Prices. What Happens to the Optimal z-value if the Current Basis is no Longer Optimal? 6. SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS AND DUALITY. A Graphical Introduction to Sensitivity Analysis. Some Important Formulas. Sensitivity Analysis. Sensitivity Analysis When More Than One Parameter is Changed: The 100% Rule. Finding the Dual of an LP. Economic Interpretation of the Dual Problem. The Dual Theorem and Its Consequences. Shadow Prices. Duality and Sensitivity Analysis. 7. TRANSPORTATION, ASSIGNMENT, AND TRANSSHIPMENT PROBLEMS. Formulating Transportation Problems. Finding Basic Feasible Solutions for Transportation Problems. The Transportation Simplex Method. Sensitivity Analysis for Transportation Problems. Assignment Problems. Transshipment Problems. 8. NETWORK MODELS. Basic Definitions. Shortest Path Problems. Maximum Flow Problems. CPM and PERT. Minimum Cost Network Flow Problems. Minimum Spanning Tree Problems. The Network Simplex Method. 9. INTEGER PROGRAMMING. Introduction to Integer Programming. Formulation Integer Programming Problems. The Branch-and-Bound Method for Solving Pure Integer Programming Problems. The Branch-and-Bound Method for Solving Mixed Integer Programming Problems. Solving Knapsack Problems by the Branch-and-Bound Method. Solving Combinatorial Optimization Problems by the Branch-and-Bound Method. Implicit Enumeration. The Cutting Plane Algorithm. 10. ADVANCED TOPICS IN LINEAR PROGRAMMING. The Revised Simplex Algorithm. The Product Form of the Inverse. Using Column Generation to Solve Large-Scale LPs. The Dantzig-Wolfe Decomposition Algorithm. The Simplex Method for Upper-Bounded Variables. Karmarkars Method for Solving LPs. 11. GAME THEORY. Two-Person Zero-Sum and Constant-Sum Games: Saddle Points. Two-Person Zero-Sum Games: Randomized Str4ategies, Domination, and Graphical Solution. Linear Programming and Zero-Sum Games. Two-Person Nonconstant-Sum Games. Introduction to n-Person Game Theory. The Core o f an n-Person Game. The Shapely Value. 12. NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING. Review of Differential Calculus. Introductory Concepts. Convex and Concave Functions. Solving NLPs with One Variable. Golden Section Search. Unconstrained Maximization and Minimization with Several Variables. The Method of Steepest Ascent. Lagrange Multiples. The Kuhn-Tucker Conditions. Quadratic Programming. Separable Programming. The Method of Feasible Directions. Pareto Optimality and Tradeoff Curves. 13. DETERMINISTIC DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING. Two Puzzles. A Network Problem. An Inventory Problem. Resource Allocation Problems. Equipment Replacement Problems. Formulation Dynamic Programming Recursions. Using Spreadsheets to Solve Dynamic Programming Problems. 14. HEURISTIC METHODS. 15. NEURAL NETWORKS. Answers To Selected Problems. Index.