Synopses & Reviews
One of the most creative philosophers of the 20th century, Rudolf Carnap presented a series of science lectures at the University of California in 1958. The present volume is an outgrowth of that seminar, which dealt with the philosophical foundations of physics. Edited by Martin Gardner from transcripts of Carnap's classroom lectures and discussions, the book remains one of the clearest and soundest introductions to the philosophy of science.
Specially designed to appeal to a wide range of readers, An Introduction to thePhilosophy of Science offers accessible coverage of such topics as laws and probability, measurement and quantitative language, the structure of space, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts and much more. Stimulating and thought-provoking, the text will be of interest to philosophers, scientists and anyone interested in logical analysis of the concepts, statements and theories of science. Its clear and readable style help make it "the best book available for the intelligent reader who wants to gain some insight into the nature of contemporary philosophy of science" ― Choice. Foreword to the Basic Books Paperback Edition, 1974 (Gardner); Preface (Carnap); Foreword to the Dover Edition (Gardner). 35 black-and-white illustrations. Bibliography.
Stimulating, thought-provoking text by one of the 20th century's most creative philosophers makes accessible such topics as probability, measurement and quantitative language, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts, more.
Noted philosopher's coverage of laws, probability, measurement and quantitative language, structure of space, causality and determinism, much more.
Stimulating, thought-provoking text by one of the 20th century's most creative philosophers clearly and discerningly makes accessible such topics as probability, measurement and quantitative language, structure of space, causality and determinism, theoretical laws and concepts, and much more.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 293-295) and index.
Table of Contents
Foreword to the Dover Edition
Foreword to the Basic Books paperback edition
"PART I Laws, Explanation, and Probability"
1 The Value of Laws: Explanation and Prediction
2 Induction and Statistical Probability
3 Induction and Logical Probability
4 The Experimental Method
PART II Measurement and Quantitative Language
5 Three Kinds of Concepts in Science
6 The Measurement of Quantitative Concepts
7 Extensive Magnitudes
10 Derived Magnitudes and the Quantitative Language
11 Merits of the Quantitative Method
12 The Magic View of Language
PART III The Structure of Space
13 Euclid's Parallel Postulate
14 Non-Euclidean Geometrics
15 Poincaré versus Einstein
16 Space in Relativity Theory
17 Advantages of Non-Euclidean Physical Geometry
18 Kant's Synthetic A Priori
PART IV Causality and Determinism
20 Does Causality Imply Necessity?
21 The Logic of Causal Modalities
22 Determinism and Free Will
PART V Theoretical Laws and Theoretical Concepts
23 Theories and Nonobservables
24 Correspondence Rules
25 How New Empirical Laws Are Derived from Theoretical Laws
26 The Ramsey Sentence
27 Analyticity in an Observation Language
28 Analyticity in a Theoretical Language
PART VI Beyond Determinism
29 Statistical Laws
30 Indeterminism in Quantum Physics