Synopses & Reviews
Laboratory Earth taps the relevant knowledge from physical, biological, and social sciences needed to study the planet holistically. This so-called Earth Systems Science fosters a new way to understand the Earth and our roles as inhabitants, with the purpose of building solutions to the bewildering global environment and overdevelopment.Educational, business, health, and governmental organizations often dissect the world into narrow but highly specialized disciplineseconomics, ecology, cardiology, meteorology, glaciology, or political science, to name a few. But real world problems, like urban sprawl, public health, poverty, toxic waste, economic development, the ozone hole, or global warming, do not fit neatly into disciplinary boxes. However, author Stephen Schneider asserts that these contemporary issues must be viewed as systems of interconnected subelements. This is especially true for global environmental problems, since they arise from increasing numbers of people demanding higher standards of living and willing to use the cheapest available technologies to pursue these growth-oriented goals, even if the unintended byproducts include land degradation, toxic pollutants, species extinctions, or global climate change. To first understand and then solve such problems, we must learn to view the Earth and our socioeconomic engine as one integrated system.Schneider, who in the 1970s predicted global warming would become demonstrable” by the turn of the century, chooses that debate to illustrate how this twenty-first century Earth Systems Science approach works, introducing us to the sharp controversies and highly visible debates among climatologists, ecologists, economists, industrialists, and political interests over the seriousness and solutions to the climate change crisis. He begins with a fascinating journey to the beginning of geologic time on Earth and traces from there the coevolution of climate and life over the next four billion years. Along the way we learn about the Gaia Hypothesis, the demise of the dinosaurs, and the likelihood of an impending ice age.Schneider traces our climatic history not only from the beginning and up to the twentieth century, but deep into the twenty-first as well. He depicts the next one hundred years as a potentially perilous period for climate and lifeunless we citizens of Earth recognize and then work to control the unintended global scale experiment we are foisting on ourselves and all other life on Laboratory Earth.” This lab” is not built of glass, wires, and tubes, but of insects, soils, air, oceans, birds, trees, and people. While no honest scientist can claim to have clairvoyant vision into the twenty-first century, Schneider optimistically demonstrates that enough is already known to command our attention and to insure that the juggernaut of human impacts on Earth doesnt turn into a gamble we cant afford to lose.
Our failure to curb population growth, as well as our energy and technological decisions, are fast making humankind the dominant force in environmental change. Humans already have increased the amount of carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas, to unprecedented levels -- higher than nature has experienced in hundreds of thousands of years. We have co-opted nearly half the natural production of the plants of the world, and have fragmented the landscape by cutting down forests and building up settlements. Just through our energy usage, humans will likely warm up the planet from 3degree to 8degree F. (it took a drop of only 9degree to bring on the Ice Age). Unlike any other book on the subject, Laboratory Earth interrelates these critical problems and provides a framework for considering global change issues. Filled with fascinating facts and information, it is a timely and important book for everyone concerned about the future of Earth -- and humankind.
One of the world's leading authorities on global change, the scientist who predicted the greenhouse effect more than twenty years ago, explores the science of global change and the current state of planet Earth. Filled with fascinating facts and information, this is a timely and important book for everyone concerned about the future of our planetand of humankind. Index. Illus.
World-renowned scientist and author Stephen H. Schneider depicts the next one hundred years as a potentially perilous period for climate and lifeunless we citizens of Earth first recognize and then work to control the unintended global scale experiment we are foisting on ourselves and all other life on Laboratory Earth.” The lab” is not built of glass, wires, and tubes, but of insects, soils, air, oceans, birds, trees, and people. While no scientist can claim to hae clairvoyant vision into the twenty-first century, Schneider demonstrates that enough is already known to command our attention and to ensure that the juggernaut of human impacts on Earth doesnt turn into a gamble we cant afford to lose.
About the Author
Stephen S. Schneider is a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences and a Senior Fellow at the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. He was honored in 1992 with a MacArthur Fellowship for his ability to integrate and interpret the results of global climate research through public lectures, seminars, classroom teaching, environmental assessment committees, media appearances, Congressional testimony, and research collaboration with colleagues. He has authored The Genesis Strategy: Climate and Global Survival; The Coevolution of Climate and Life; Global Warming: Are We Entering the Greenhouse Century?; Scientists on Gaia; and over two hundred scientific papers, reviews, and editorials.