Synopses & Reviews
This wide-ranging reader is the first and only collection of the key essays in the study of Language and Gender. Edited by one of the pioneers in the field, it introduces students to the main topics by providing a selection of key papers written by leading figures in language and gender study. The book provides a vital student resource for all courses in language, gender and discourse analysis.
Topics covered include: gender differences in pronunciation and grammar; gender differences in conversational practice; conversational dominance in mixed talk; same-sex talk; women's talk in the public domain; theoretical debates (gender or power? difference or dominance?). The Reader concludes with three key papers which suggest directions in which language and gender research might develop.
This wide-ranging Reader comprises a valuable anthology of the key essays in the study of language and gender.
About the Author
Jennifer Coates is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at University of Surrey, Roehampton. She is author of Women Talk (Blackwell, 1996), and co-editor of An Introduction to Women's Studies (Blackwell, 1995).
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors.
Transcription Conventions 1.
Transcription Conventions 2.
Part I: Gender Differences in Pronunciation and Grammar.
1. Yanyuwa: Men Speak One Way, Women Another. (John Bradley).
2. Sex and Covert Prestige. (Peter Trudgill).
3. Linguistic Variation and Social Function. (Jenny Cheshire).
4. Girl-Talk/Boy-Talk: Sex Differences in Adolescent Speech. (Edina Eisikovits).
5. Black Women in the Rural South: Conservative and Innovative. (Patricia C. Nichols).
6. Gender and Sociolinguistics Variations. (Penelope Eckert).
Part II: Gender Differences in Conversational Practice.
7. How and why are Women More Polite: Some Evidence From a Mayan Community. (Penelope Brown).
8. Complimenting: A Positive Politeness Strategy. (Janet Holmes).
9. Co-operation and Competition Across Girls' Play Activities. (Marjorie Harness Goodwin).
10. Peasant Men Can't Get Wives: Language Change and Sex Roles in a Bilingual Community. (Susan Gal).
Part III: Conversational Dominance in Mixed Talk.
11. Women's Place in Everyday Talk: Reflections on Parent-Child Interaction. (Candace West and Don H. Zimmerman).
12. The Sounds of Silence: How Men Silence Women in Marital Relations. (Victoria Leto DeFrancisco).
13. Talk Control: An Illustration From the Classroom of Problems in Analysing Male Dominance in Conversation. (Joan Swann).
14. Participation in Electronic Discourse in a "Feminist Field". (Susan C. Herring et al.).
Part IV: Same-Sex Talk.
15. The Talk of Women Friends. (Fern L. Johnson and Elizabeth J. Aries).
16. Gossip Revisited: Language in All-Female Groups. (Jennifer Coates).
17. Don't Try and Make Out That I'm Nice: The Different Strategies Women and Men Use When Gossiping. (Jane Pilkington).
18. Performing Gender Identity: Young Men's Talk and the Construction of Heterosexual Masculinity. (Deborah Cameron).
19. Sporting Formulae in New Zealand English: Two Models of Male Solidarity. (Koenraad Kuiper).
Part V: Women's Talk in the Public Domain.
20. Female Speakers of Japanese in Transition. (K. A. Reynolds).
21. I Don't Smile Much Any More: Affect, Gender and the Discourse of Pittsburgh Police Officers. (Bonnie McElhinny).
22. Not Just "Doctor's Orders": Directive-Response Sequences in Patients Visits to Women and Men Physicians. (Candace West).
23. Women's Ways: Interactive Patterns in Predominantly Female Research Teams. (Marie Wilson Nelson).
Part VI: Theoretical Debates (I): Gender or Power?.
24."Women's Language" or "Powerless Language". (William O'Barr and Bowman Atkins).
25. Are Powerless Communication Strategies the Japanese Norm? (Patricia Wetzel).
26. When the Doctor is a Lady: Power, Status and Gender in Physician-Patient Encounters. (Candace West).
Part VII: Theoretical Debates (II): Difference or Dominance?.
27. A Cultural Approach to Male-Female Miscommunication. (Daniel Maltz and Ruth Borker).
28. Talk in the Intimate Relationship: His and Hers. (Deborah Tannen).
29. Selling the Apolitical. (Senta Troemal-Ploetz).
Part VIII: Looking to the Future.
30. Women's Talk: the Question of Sociolinguistic Universals. (Janet Holmes).
31. Communities of Practice: Where Gender, Language and Power All Live. (Penelope Eckert and Sally McConnell-Ginet).
32. The Question of Questions: Beyond Binary Thinking. (Janet Bing and Victoria Bergvall).