Synopses & Reviews
Much contemporary political philosophy has been a debate between utilitarianism on the one hand and Kantian, or rights-based ethic has recently faced a growing challenge from a different direction, from a view that argues for a deeper understanding of citizenship and community than the liberal ethic allows.
The writings collected in this volume present leading statements of rights-based liberalism and of the communitarian, or civic republican alternatives to that position. The principle of selection has been to shift the focus from the familiar debate between utilitarians and Kantian liberals in order to consider a more powerful challenge ot the rights-based ethic, a challenge indebted, broadly speaking, to Aristotle, Hegel, and the civic republican tradition.
Contributors include Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, Alasdair MacIntyre.
Table of Contents
Two concepts of liberty / Isaiah Berlin -- The right and the good contrasted / John Rawls -- Liberalism / Ronald Dworkin -- Equality, value, and merit / Friedrich A. Hayek -- Moral constraints and distributive justice / Robert Nozick -- The virtues, the unity of a human life, and the concept of a tradition / Alasdair MacIntyre -- On the obsolescence of the concept of honour / Peter Berger -- Justice and the good / Michael J. Sandel -- Hegel, history and politics / Charles Taylor -- Welfare, membership and need / Michael Walzer -- Political education / Michael Oakeshott -- The revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure / Hannah Arendt.