Synopses & Reviews
Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are metaheuristics that learn from natural collective behavior and are applied to solve optimization problems in domains such as scheduling, engineering, bioinformatics, and finance. Such applications demand acceptable solutions with high-speed execution using finite computational resources. Therefore, there have been many attempts to develop platforms for running parallel EAs using multicore machines, massively parallel cluster machines, or grid computing environments. Recent advances in general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) have opened up this possibility for parallel EAs, and this is the first book dedicated to this exciting development. The three chapters of Part I are tutorials, representing a comprehensive introduction to the approach, explaining the characteristics of the hardware used, and presenting a representative project to develop a platform for automatic parallelization of evolutionary computing (EC) on GPGPUs. The
Recent advances in general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) have opened up the possibility for parallel evolutionary algorithms. This book details this exciting new approach, with emphasis on solving practical problems.
About the Author
Prof. Shigeyoshi Tsutsui received his B.Eng. and M.Eng. in electrical engineering in 1967 and 1969 respectively from Osaka City University, and he received his Ph.D. in 1985 from Osaka Prefecture University. From 1969 to 1986 he worked in Hitachi's Central Research Laboratories and Systems Development Laboratories. He joined the staff of Hannan University in 1987, where he is currently a full professor. His reseach interests include computer architectures, information and business science, artificial intelligence, and evolutionary computing, in particular applying genetic algorithms to difficult, multimodal problems. Prof. Pierre Collet received his master's degree in operating systems from Université de Paris VI in 1990, and his Ph.D. from Université Paris-Sud (Orsay) in 1997, on the topic of computer-aided surgery through virtual reality. From 2000 to 2003 he was a researcher in the Artificial Evolution and Learning team of the Center of Applied Mathematics (CMAP) of École Polytechnique. He joined the Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale in Calais in 2003 as an assistant professor, and defended his habilitation thesis in 2004. In 2007 he became a full professor in the Image Sciences, Computer Sciences and Remote Sensing Laboratory (LSIIT) in Strasbourg, where he led the Theoretical Bionformatics, Data Mining and Stochastic Optimization (BFO) team until December 2012. Since 2011, he has been the head of the Dept. of Computer Science of the Université de Strasbourg, and since 2013 he has led the Strasbourg Complex Systems Digital Campus. His research concentrates on the optimization of complex problems using evolutionary computing, nature-inspired stochastic algorithms, and complex systems, and in particular their implementation on massively parallel hardware, with applications in collaborative work, cellular automata, biomedical devices, chemistry, control, and e-learning.
Table of Contents
Chap. 1 Why GPGPUs for Evolutionary Computation?.- Chap. 2 Understanding NVIDIA GPGPU Hardware.- Chap. 3 Automatic Parallelization of EC on GPGPUs and Clusters of GPGPU Machines with EASEA and EASEA-CLOUD.- Chap. 4 Generic Local Search (Memetic) Algorithm on a Single GPGPU Chip.- Chap. 5 arGA: Adaptive Resolution Micro-genetic Algorithm with Tabu Search to Solve MINLP Problems Using GPU.- Chap. 6 An Analytical Study of GPU Computation by Parallel GA with Independent Runs.- Chap. 7 Many-Threaded Differential Evolution on the GPU.- Chap. 8 Scheduling Using Multiple Swarm Particle Optimization with Memetic Features on Graphics Processing Units.- Chap. 9 ACO with Tabu Search on GPUs for Fast Solution of the QAP.- Chap. 10 New Ideas in Parallel Metaheuristics on GPU: Systolic Genetic Search.- Chap. 11 Genetic Programming on GPGPU Cards Using EASEA.- Chap. 12 Cartesian Genetic Programming on the GPU.- Chap. 13 Implementation Techniques for Massively Parallel Multi-objective Optimization.- Chap. 14 Data Mining Using Parallel Multi-objective Evolutionary Algorithms on Graphics Processing Units.- Chap. 15 Large-Scale Bioinformatics Data Mining with Parallel Genetic Programming on Graphics Processing Units.- Chap. 16 GPU-Accelerated High-Accuracy Molecular Docking Using Guided Differential Evolution.- Chap. 17 Using Large-Scale Parallel Systems for Complex Crystallographic Problems in Materials Science.- Chap. 18 Artificial Chemistries on GPU.- Chap. 19 Acceleration of Genetic Algorithms for Sudoku Solution on Many-Core Processors.