Synopses & Reviews
Review
"This text is a translated, considerably revised and extended version of the book Distributionen und Hilbertraumoperatoren: Mathematische Methoden der Physik.... The book is written in a very nice and understandable form and addresses mainly students with interest in the interaction between physics and mathematics." --Mathematica Bohemica ". . . [This] English version has been considerably revised and extended in order to improve the usefulness for students of physics and mathematics alike. For instance, proofs are now more detailed. Many added examples illustrate abstract mathematical concepts. Exercises were included to improve the skill of beginners. Some of these exercises hint to physical problems arising either in quantum mechanics or field theory. . . . Notably, there is one chapter at the end, dealing exclusively with physics applications, the density functional theory of atoms and molecules due to Hohenberg, Kohn, and Sham. In my view this is a nice way to illustrate the calculus of variations. . . . the book is self-contained, the only prerequisites being a solid background in analysis and linear algebra." --Zentralblatt Math "...many very nice and useful examples and applications are provided." ---Monatshefte für Mathematik
Synopsis
Physics has long been regarded as a wellspring of mathematical problems. Mathematical Methods in Physics is a self-contained presentation, driven by historic motivations, excellent examples, detailed proofs, and a focus on those parts of mathematics that are needed in more ambitious courses on quantum mechanics and classical and quantum field theory. A comprehensive bibliography and index round out the work. Key Topics: * Part I: A brief introduction to (Schwartz) distribution theory; Elements from the theories of ultra distributions and hyperfunctions are given in addition to some deeper results for Schwartz distributions, thus providing a rather comprehensive introduction to the theory of generalized functions. Basic properties of and basic properties for distributions are developed with applications to constant coefficient ODEs and PDEs; the relation between distributions and holomorphic functions is developed as well. * Part II: Fundamental facts about Hilbert spaces and their geometry. The theory of linear (bounded and unbounded) operators is developed, focusing on results needed for the theory of Schroedinger operators. The spectral theory for self-adjoint operators is given in some detail.* Part III: Treats the direct methods of the calculus of variations and their applications to boundary- and eigenvalue-problems for linear and nonlinear partial differential operators, concludes with a discussion of the Hohenberg--Kohn variational principle. * Appendices: Proofs of more general and deeper results, including completions, metrizable Hausdorff locally convex topological vector spaces, Baire's theorem and its main consequences, bilinear functionals. Aimed primarily at a broad community of graduate students in mathematics, mathematical physics, physics and engineering, as well as researchers in these disciplines. Requisite knowledge for the reader includes differential and integral calculus, linear algebra, and some topology. Some basic knowledge of ordinary and partial differential equations will enhance the appreciation of the presented material.
Table of Contents
Preface * Introduction * Spaces of test functions * Schwartz distributions * Calculus for distributions * Distributions as derivatives of functions * Tensor products * Convolution products * Applications of convolution * Holomorphic functions * Fourier Transformation * Distributions and analytic functions * Other spaces of generalized functions * Hilbert spaces: A brief historical introduction * Inner product spaces and Hilbert spaces * Geometry of Hilbert spaces * Separable Hilbert spaces * Direct sums and tensor products * Topological aspects * Linear operators * Quadratic forms * Bounded linear operators * Special classes of bounded operators * Self-adjoint Hamilton operators * Elements of spectral theory * Spectral theory of compact operators * The spectral theorem * Some applications of the spectral representation * Introduction * The direct methods in the calculus of variations * Differential calculus on Banach spaces and extrema of differentiable functions * Constrained minimization problems (Method of Lagrange multipliers) * Boundary and eigenvalue problems * Density functional theory of atoms and molecules * Appendices * References * Index