Synopses & Reviews
Mid-Latitude Weather Systems
is the first text to make extensive use of conventional weather charts and equations to fully illustrate the behavior and evolution of weather patterns. With the use of well-documented case studies, Toby Carlson has achieved a unique presentation of selected concepts, which facilitate a clear interpretation of this active and challenging area of study.
Early chapters focus on the mathematics necessary to construct simple models which are subsequently used to describe and interpret the movement, evolution, and structure of particular weather patterns. Particular meteorological phenomena are discussed using schematic illustrations in conjunction with actual weather charts for explanation. The charts are an original and powerful feature of the text and display parameters routinely issued by the United States Weather Service.
Presenting a fusion between the mathematical and descriptive fields of meteorology and integrated coverage of synoptic and dynamic approaches, Mid-Latitude Weather Systems provides students with an invaluable course text and reference source to gain an unclouded appreciation of the underlying processes and behavior of mid-latitude weather patterns.
About the Author
Toby N. Carlson is Professor of Meteorology at Pennsylvania State University.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction and mathematical definitions
2 Vorticity and vertical motion
3 The vorticity and thermodynamic equations
4 Quasi-geostrophic forcing of vertical motions and surface pressure tendency
5 Quasi-geostrophic energetics
6 Evolution and motion of mid-tropospheric waves: barotropic viewpoint
7 Simple dynamic models of wave/cyclone development: baroclinic viewpoint
8 Alternative expressions for vertical motion and divergence
9 Some additional dynamic aspects of the baroclinic wave/cyclone: effects of friction, terrain and diabatic heating
10 The evolution of cyclones
11 Optimum wavelength and growth rate of baroclinic waves
12 Airflow through mid-latitude synoptic-scale disturbances
13 Kinematics of surface fronts
14 Ageostrophic motion and the dynamics of fronts
15 Upper-tropospheric fronts and jet streaks
16 Mid-tropospheric fronts, elevated mixed layers and the severe storm environment
Appendix: list of symbols
Selected references, by subject area