Synopses & Reviews
Researchers in catalysis and surface science will find this book to be an invaluable compendium of material on the preparation, characterization, and investigation of model catalyst systems, including single sites, supported and unsupported clusters, and single crystals of metal, metal alloys, and metal oxides. The connections made between heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis are particularly welcome. --Alexis T. Bell, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley This is a superb collection of papers covering the latest developments in the use of models in fundamental catalytic science. It is a valuable addition to the libraries of those interested in the fundamentals of surface-catalyzed reactions. --D. Wayne Goodman, Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University This is a comprehensive collection of the development of surface science over the last four decades. The book proves that the era of oversimplified model systems is over; the dynamics of materials and reactions is now accessible for rigorous experimental and theoretical study. The book is an invaluable, authoritative source of information both for the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner. --Robert Schlögl, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institute of the Max-Planck-Society, Berlin, Germany This book is an important resource for anyone interested in the latest advances in catalysis. It contains contributions from leaders in the field, and addresses issues related to mechanism, characterization, and selectivity. A wide range of new catalyst design principles is introduced, within the context of chiral surfaces for enantioselective reactions, novel catalyst compositions and structures, well-defined, single site catalytic centers, and the influence of nanostructures on catalytic performance. --T. Don Tilley, Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley
From the reviews: "This book provides a useful overview for new researchers in the catalysis field and would provide a useful foundation for a course in the subject. The chapters are generally well written and provide context for the material. Given that a comparable book was not published in at least a decade, this book provides a great starting point to train researchers in model studies of catalysis." (Cynthia Friend, Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 49 (2), 2010)
The book concentrates on heterogeneous catalysis, but extends well beyond the most obvious model system - the single crystal. The book builds upon increasing complexity into catalyst models - that is building catalysts with controlled properties that begin to rival the complexity found in industrial based heterogeneous catalysts. This includes the deposition of clusters on flat, thin oxide surfaces amenable to characterize by electron, ion and photon based spectroscopic techniques, the thermal decomposition of organometallic clusters on surfaces with well-defined stoichiometry, to the tethering of homogeneous catalysts to metal oxide surfaces (i.e. heterogenized homogeneous catalysis) and finally evolving to a supported structural and functional mimic of the ultimate catalyst, the enzyme.
This book is an excellent compilation of cutting-edge research in heterogeneous catalysis and related disciplines surface science, organometallic catalysis, and enzymatic catalysis. In 23 chapters by noted experts, the volume demonstrates varied approaches using model systems and their successes in understanding aspects of heterogeneous catalysis, both metal- and metal oxide-based catalysis in extended single crystal and nanostructured catalytic materials. To truly appreciate the astounding advances of modern heterogeneous catalysis, let us first consider the subject from a historical perspective. Heterogeneous catalysis had its beginnings in England and France with the work of scientists such as Humphrey Davy (1778 1829), Michael Faraday (1791 1867), and Paul Sabatier (1854 1941). Sabatier postulated that surface compounds, si- lar to those familiar in bulk to chemists, were the intermediate species leading to catalytic products. Sabatier proposed, for example, that NiH moieties on a Ni sur- 2 face were able to hydrogenate ethylene, whereas NiH was not. In the USA, Irving Langmuir concluded just the opposite, namely, that chemisorbed surface species are chemically bound to surfaces and are unlike known molecules. These chemisorbed species were the active participants in catalysis. The equilibrium between gas-phase molecules and adsorbed chemisorbed species (yielding an adsorption isotherm) produced a monolayer by simple site-filling kinetics."
In addition to concentrating on heterogeneous catalysis, this volume goes well beyond the simple model of the single crystal. The chapters explore how to build increasing complexity into catalyst models, such as building catalysts with controlled properties
Table of Contents
Catalytic Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Conversion Reactions on Metallic Single Crystals.- Structure, Characterization and Reactivity of Pt-Sn Surface Alloys.- Catalysis at Bimetallic Electrochemical Interfaces.- Enantioselectivity on Naturally Chiral Metal Surfaces.- Chiral Expression by Organic Architectures at Metal Surfaces: the Role of Both Adsorbate and Surface in Inducing Asymmetry.- Role of C and P Sites on the Chemical Activity of Metal Carbide and Phosphides: From Clusters to Single-Crystal Surfaces.- Surface reactions of oxygen containing compounds on metal oxide (TiO2 and UO2) single crystals.- Surface Science Studies of Strong Metal-Oxide Interactions on Model Catalysts.- Surface Thermodynamics: Small Molecule Adsorption Calorimetry on Metal Single Crystals.- Surface Femtochemistry.- The Incorporation of Added Metal Atoms into Structures of Reaction Intermediates on Catalytic Metal Surfaces.- Chemical Bonding on Metal Surfaces.- From Molecular Insights to Novel Catalysts Formulation.- The Reactivity of Gas-Phase Metal Oxide Clusters: Systems for Understanding the Mechanisms of Heterogeneous Catalysts.- Catalysis by Noble Metal Nanoparticles Supported on Thin Oxide Films.- Catalysis by Supported Size-Selected Clusters.- Catalysis by Thin Oxide Films and Oxide Nanoparticles.- Catalysis with Transition Metal Nanoparticles in Colloidal Solution: Heterogeneous or Homogeneous?.- Well-Defined Metallic and Bimetallic Clusters Supported on Oxides and Zeolites.- A Convergence of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis - Immobilized Organometallic Catalysts.- Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts: Innovations, Advantages and Future Potential in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology.- Molecular-Imprinted Metal Complexes for the Design of Catalytic Structures.- Heterogeneous Catalyst Design by Multiple Functional Group Positioning in Organic-Inorganic Materials: On the Route to Analogues of Multifunctional Enzymes