Synopses & Reviews
The aim of this handbook is basically instructive, so we have concentrated on two specific aspects: illustrations and terminology. We consider illustrations to be the simplest and most immediate way of explaining how a knot is tied, so we have filmed every step and arranged the photographs in a logical sequence, showing each stage from the viewpoint of the person tying the knot. You need only take a length of rope and follow the photographs step by step to find that you have the completed knot in your hand.
The terminology used has been subordinated to the illustrations and, with the exception of a few concessions to the art of seamanship, has been kept as simple as possible. All you need remember is that working means tightening and shaping and that a turn is one round of a rope to be able to understand the book fully. For the terms end and standing part, refer to the illustrations. The end (2) is the termination of the rope or the free part towards the termination of the rope with which the knot is tied; the standing part (1 ) is the part which is not actively used in making the knot and around which the knot is tied by the end. The slack part of the rope between the end and the standing part is the bight, especially when it forms a loop or a semicircle as at point 3 of the illustration.
One final word: it is not necessary to know a great number of knots; four or five-such as the bowline, the sheet bend, the clove hitch, and the figure-eight knot-are sufficient to cope confidently with any situation. The most important thing is to know how to tie them quickly and properly and with the minimum number of movements. The only way to gain the necessaryconfidence is to practice the knots over and over again until the movements become completely automatic and, instinctive, for in certain circumstances hesitation or doubt can make the knot an enemy or at least a dangerous complication instead of a safety factor.
Rope was one of man's first inventions, certainly predating the wheel, and its structure has remained essentially the same for centuries, although the advent of synthetic fibers has given it a strength comparable, and in certain ways superior, to that of steel.
Rope and knot are two words that go hand in hand, for one is useless without the other; what use is a length of rope without at least one knot in it? Up to a few decades ago, the choice of rope was limited: hemp and manilla were used for their strength, cotton for manageability, and sisal for economy; but today the availability of synthetic fibers has produced a specialized type of rope for every application.
Rope is made up of fibers (a) twisted together a number of times, each in the opposite direction to the previous one, to form, first of all, the yarn (b), then the strands (c) and finally the rope itself. This operation is known as laying up and produces the classic rope generally made up of three (1 ) and sometimes more strands (2), but there is another way of producing rope, namely by braiding the yarn (3) instead of twisting it together; with this kind of rope the outer part, known as the sheath (e), is both a protective and an attractive covering, while the strength of the rope lies solely in its internal part which is also braided and is known as the core (d). Both types of rope have their own specialcharacteristics which make them better suited to certain applications; twisted rope is less flexible and better for heavy-duty work, whereas braided rope is a lot softer and if pre-stretched does not expand any further. Rope should be bought with a view to choosing the most suitable type for the job you have in mind.
materials The characteristics of a rope obviously depend to a great extent on the fibers that make it up, so it is useful to know what the characteristics of the different materials are. From this you can deduce those of the corresponding rope.
The names of the materials may be somewhat confused as chemical names like polyester are freely mixed with the manufacturer's brand names such as Tergal, Dacron, etc. The following list gives only the chemical classifications and the table on page 14 gives the most common brand names for the equivalent products. It should also be noted that manufacturing companies now offer many variants of the same product (with greater or less strength, elasticity etc.). The following data refer to average characteristics.
a.) fiber b.) yarn c.) strand d.) core e.) sheath
1 & 2. twisted rope 3. braided rope
Here is an entirely different kind of knot book! For the first time, here are step-by-step instructions that take full advantage of color photography to teach the art of tying knots. Unlike illustrations in other books, these pictures show every step looking over the shoulder of the tier -- the way you
see the knot as you make it. And when two or more ropes are involved, they are color coded so you can clearly tell them apart.
Included in addition are a section on decorative knots, a cross-reference list of the many applications of knots, and a detailed glossary. The Morrow Guide to Knots is a reliable and essential reference tool for all sportsmen and campers, homeowners, and youngsters as well.
An entirely different kind of knot book, this compact, practical guide takes full advantage of color photography to teach readers how to tie 70 of the most useful knots they can know. Unlike illustrations, the photos show every step looking over the shoulder of the tier. Color-coding makes the ropes easy to distinguish. 647 photos.
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Deliciously terrifying short short tales and creepy illustrations by an exceptional collection of writers and illustrators.
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