Synopses & Reviews
Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications associated with it. Enormous advances in the understanding of the development of diabetes and its prevention have recently been derived from work with such animal models. This book presents the state-of-the-art knowledge in the field of diabetes research directed at understanding the mechanisms governing the development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Muscle Metabolism will be of significant interest for those researching diabetes at an experimental level in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, it will also be of interest to researchers in the fields of obesity, metabolism, endocrinology and molecular biology.
Presenting state-of-the-art knowledge on diabetes research in animal models, this reference contains 22 reviews contributed by biochemists, physiologists, and cellular and molecular biologists from around the world. The editors include articles integrating cellular, molecular, and whole-body mechanisms related to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. The book provides clinical insights on topics such as environmental and genetic factors leading to insulin resistance; basic elements of the signal transduction pathways leading to regulation of metabolic responses controlling glucose homeostasis; and transgenic approaches for the study of glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle.
Table of Contents
Perspectives / Eleazar Shafrir -- I. Insulin Signaling -- 1. Overview: Tyrosine Kinase Signaling in Insulin Action / Martin G. Myers, Jr. -- 2. Defects in Early Insulin Signaling in Skeletal Muscle / M. Dodson Michael and C. Ronald Kahn -- 3. Defects in Intermediate Insulin Signaling in Skeletal Muscle: Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase and Glucose Transport / Francesco Giorgino -- II. Glucose Transport -- 4. Glucose Transport in Muscle / John O. Holloszy and Lorraine A. Nolte -- 5. The GLUT4 Compartments of Skeletal Muscle / Toolsie Ramlal, Peter Tong, Tony Lam, Romel Somwar, Maureen Charron and Amira Klip -- III. Substrate Utilization -- 6. Adverse Metabolic Consequences of Hyperglycemia (“Glucose Toxicity”): Implications for the Pathogenesis of Diabetes Mellitus / Donald A. McClain -- 7. Cellular Mediators of Glucose-Induced Autoregulation of Hexose Transport / Evgenia Alpert, Hanan Totary and Shlomo Sasson -- 8. Physiological Adaptations in Glucose Utilization of Skeletal Muscle / Julian M.R. Mathoo and Mladen Vranic -- 9. Fatty Acids and Muscle Insulin Resistance / Edward W. Kraegen, Gregory J. Cooney, Jiming Ye, Alison L. Thompson and Stuart M. Furler -- 10. Role of AMP Kinase and Malonyl CoA in Exercise-stimulated Skeletal Muscle Metabolism and Insulin Action / David J. Dean and Neil B. Ruderman -- IV. Transgenic and Genetic Models -- 11. The Use of Mouse Transgenic and Homologous Recombination