Synopses & Reviews
** Music in Turkey
is one of several case-study volumes that can be used along with Thinking Musically,
the core book in the Global Music Series. Thinking Musically
incorporates music from many diverse cultures and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. It sets the stage for an array of case-study volumes, each of which focuses on a single area of the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure, covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present. **
Music in contemporary Turkey is inextricably linked to the history of the Republic of Turkey and the complex histories of the Ottoman Empire and numerous other empires that preceded it. It is also an ideal avenue for introducing one of the most vibrant multicultural areas in the Middle East. Turkey is home to a rich variety of highly localized musical traditions--comprised of regional repertoires, instruments, performance practices, and dances--bound together by a strong sense of national identity. The first brief, stand-alone volume to explore the musical and cultural traditions of this region, Music in Turkey places the diverse sounds of the country (and the Middle East at large) in their social contexts.
Author Eliot Bates employs four themes in his survey of Turkish music:
* The role of music in forming a national consciousness about local and regional cultures
* How changes in musical meaning pertain to changes in contemporary Turkish society
* The process of arrangement, where technology is creatively used to revitalize and modernize traditional music
* How today's Anatolian musical instrument performance and construction are linked to local, regional, and national identities
The author draws on his extensive regional fieldwork, offering accounts of local performances, interviews with key performers, and vivid illustrations.
Music in Turkey is ideal for introductory undergraduate courses in world music or ethnomusicology and for upper-level courses on Middle Eastern music and/or culture. Packaged with a 70-minute CD containing musical examples, the text features numerous listening activities that actively engage students with the music. The companion website includes supplementary materials for instructors.
Turkey is home to a rich diversity of highly localized musical traditions-comprised of regional repertoires, instruments, performance practices, and dances-bound together by a strong sense of national identity. On first listen, Anatolian music can seem overwhelming in its variety and the same piece of music can have multiple, overlapping, and even contradictory meanings depending on the region in which it's found. In Music in Turkey
, Eliot Bates uses three themes to demystify these musical experiences: the interrelationof these various Turkish musical styles; the complexity of their sociocultural and musical meanings; and, the influence of technology and modernization on current Anatolian music. The text illustrates the intersection of these themes in two ways. First, it discusses the movements to modernize Turkish music with pan-Anatolian orchestras and standard repertoires. Secondly, the text focuses on the flexibility of regional styles and how they're filtered through new performance contexts and generate new meanings to present-day listeners. Bates shows how Turkish music reflects a vibrant nationalism borne from a history deeply rooted in distinct local cultures.
Designed to be used as one of several short and inexpensive case study volumes in the Global Music Series, this volume is appropriate for introductory undergraduate courses in world music or ethnomusicology and for upper-level courses on Middle Eastern music and/or culture. Based on the author's own extensive fieldwork, the text features interviews with performers, eyewitness accounts of performances, and vivid illustrations. The book also features listening activities that enable students to engage critically and actively with the text. The included 70-minute CD contains examples of music discussed in the text, and supplementary material for instructors will be available on the companion web site (www.oup.com/us/globalmusic).
About the Author
Eliot Bates is Visiting Assistant Professor of Ethnomusicology at University of Maryland. He has performed extensive ethnographic research in Turkey, focusing on the intersection between social systems and cultural productions in the region. He contributed an article to Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate (Routledge, 2004) and has published articles in various musicology journals.
Table of Contents
CD Track List
Chapter 1: Anatolian Rural Musics and Instruments
1.1: Rural song forms: türkü and uzun hava
1.2: Asik poetry and poets
1.3: Alevi sacred/secular music
1.4: Saz-family instruments
1.5: Saz making
1.6: Kemençe and Karadeniz folk song
1.7: Dance music and drumming: Oyun havasi and the aski-davul
1.8: Conclusion: rural music in urban Turkey
Chapter 2: Urban Musics and Instruments
2.1: History of urban art music until 1950
2.3: Contexts 1: music institutes and concert halls
2.4: Sarki and fasil: song and suite forms
2.6: Instrumental art music composition
2.7: Roman oyun havasi
2.9: Contexts 2: restaurant and meyhane music
2.9: Klasik kemençe (lyra politiki)
Chapter 3: Musical Features: Rhythm, Melody, and Form
3.1: Usul, beat structures, and meter
3.2: Asymmetrical beat structures and the feel of aksak
3.3: Rhythms made within aksak beat structures
3.4: Comparison of rhythmic layers in karsilama and zeybek dance forms
3.5: Musical form: soru-cevap
3.6: Melodic structure: seyir and durak
Chapter 4: Arranged Folk and Art Musics and New Musical Instruments
4.1: Arrangements in art music ensembles
4.2: Making Karadeniz music: "Bu Dünya Bir Pencere"
4.3: Alevi arrangements: Dertli Divani, "Zamani Gelir"
4.5: Kurdish arrangements and Aynur's "Keçe Kurdan"
4.6: Profile: Erkan Ogur
Chapter 5: Music, Politics, and Meaning
5.1: In memory of a general: Asik Veysel's "Atatürk'e Agit"
5.2: Alevis against corruption: Cemali's industrial cover of "Yuh Yuh"
5.3: Folk heroes and socialist politics in the songs of Grup Yorum
5.4: Azeri and Armenian identity and the story of "Sari Gelin/Sari Gyalin"