Synopses & Reviews
Many indigenous Hawaiian men have felt profoundly disempowered by the legacies of colonization and by the tourist industry, which, in addition to occupying a great deal of land, promotes a feminized image of Native Hawaiians (evident in the ubiquitous figure of the dancing hula girl). In the 1990s a group of Native men on the island of Maui responded by refashioning and reasserting their masculine identities in a group called the Hale Mua (the andldquo;Menandrsquo;s Houseandrdquo;). As a member and an ethnographer, Ty P. Kand#257;wika Tengan analyzes how the groupandrsquo;s mostly middle-aged, middle-class, and mixed-race members assert a warrior masculinity through practices including martial arts, woodcarving, and cultural ceremonies. Some of their practices are heavily influenced by or borrowed from other indigenous Polynesian traditions, including those of the Mand#257;ori. The men of the Hale Mua enact their refashioned identities as they participate in temple rites, protest marches, public lectures, and cultural fairs.
The sharing of personal stories is an integral part of Hale Mua fellowship, and Tenganandrsquo;s account is filled with membersandrsquo; first-person narratives. At the same time, Tengan explains how Hale Mua rituals and practices connect to broader projects of cultural revitalization and Hawaiian nationalism. He brings to light the tensions that mark the groupandrsquo;s efforts to reclaim indigenous masculinity as they arise in debates over nineteenth-century historical source materials and during political and cultural gatherings held in spaces designated as tourist sites. He explores class status anxieties expressed through the sharing of individual life stories, critiques of the Hale Mua registered by Hawaiian women, and challenges the group received in dialogues with other indigenous Polynesians. Native Men Remade is the fascinating story of how gender, culture, class, and personality intersect as a group of indigenous Hawaiian men work to overcome the dislocations of colonial history.
An ethnographic study of the recuperation and construction of Hawaiian indigenous masculinity through participation in the rituals of the Hale Mua "Men's House" group in Maui.
About the Author
Ty P. Kand#257;wika Tengan is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies at the University of Hawaiandlsquo;i, Mand#257;noa.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations ix
Introduction: Lele i Ka Pand#333; 1
1. Engagements with Modernity 33
2. Re-membering Nationhood and Koa at the Temple of State 65
3. Pu'ukoholand#257;: At the Mound of the Whale 93
4. Kand#257; i Muaandmdash;Cast into the Men's House 125
5. Narrating Kand#257;nanka: Talk Story, Place, and Identity 163
Conclusion: The Journeys of Hawaiian Men 199
Appendix: 'Awa Talk Story at Pani, 2005 219
Glossary of Hawaiian Words 239