Synopses & Reviews
Bringing together important contributions from leading Israeli Jewish and Palestinian scholars, this comprehensive and multi-disciplinary volume addresses the most recent developments and outcomes of the labor market integration of the Palestinian minority inside Israel. The volume covers a wide range of topics (ethnicity, religion, racism, gender, and spatial segregation), groups (Jews and Palestinians, men and women), disciplines (sociology, law, and geography), and methodologies (quantitative and qualitative). The authors examine the sources of labor market inequality in terms of employment and unemployment, occupational concentration, segregation, exclusion, and wages. They provide insight into recent trends and analyze changing patters of inequality and economic activity within households. The chapters further underscore the role of residential segregation in producing labor market inequalities between Jews and Palestinians, who are separated both socially and spatially.
"Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this important volume fills a gap in knowledge about Palestinian citizens in the Israeli labor market. Original chapters provide detailed analysis of economic integration and the regional processes involved, while the volume as a whole offers a useful overview. Recommended for scholars, students, and policy makers interested in ethnicity, labor market issues, and minority-majority relations." - Anthony Heath, University of Oxford, UK
"Nabil Khattab and Sami Miaari have assembled a multi-disciplinary team to systematically examine the inequalities between Jews and Palestinians in the Israeli labor market. The result is a multi-faceted volume, which provides an economic account of a racially divided country and offers insight into the sources of advantage and disadvantage." - Tariq Modood, Director, University Research Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship, University of Bristol, UK
"This is an valuable book that sheds new light on the diverse and unequal labor market experience of an important and under-researched minority, the Palestinian citizens of Israel. It will be of great interests to labor economists and sociologists as well as readers of Isreal/Palestine." - Leila Farsakh, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
About the Author
Nabil Khattab is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He is also an Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, UK and a Research Fellow at the Israeli Democracy Institute (IDI), Israel. His research interests include ethnic relations, social inequality (from school to work), students' educational and occupational aspirations and expectations, and quantitative sociology.
Sami Miaari is Lecturer in the Department of Labor Studies at Tel-Aviv University, Israel. Previously, he was a Research Affiliate at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) and a Postdoctoral Fellow in Economics in the Max Weber Program at the European University Institute in Florence-Italy. His research focuses on the economics of conflicts, the economic consequences of immigration, discrimination against ethnic minorities, labor economics, and applied econometrics.
Table of Contents
Forward; Moshe Semyonov
Introduction; Sami Miaari and Nabil Khattab
PART I: THE PERSISTENCE OF ETHNIC PENALTIES
1. On the Reserve Bench: Palestinian-Arabs in the Israeli Labour Market; Nabil Khattab and Sami Miaari
2. Combating Discrimination against Arab Palestinians in the Israeli Workplace: The Current Enforcement Failure and the Role of the Newly Established EEOC; Talya Steiner
3. The persistent Wage Gaps between Arabs and Jews in Israel, 1997-2009; Sami Miaari and Nabil Khattab
PART II: THE CHANGING NATURE OF FEMALE EMPLOYMENT AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
4. Ethnicity, Gender, and Exclusion: Which Occupations Are Open to Israeli Palestinian women?; Vered Kraus and Yuval Yonay
5. Changing Earnings Composition in Israeli-Palestinian Households: The Emergence of the Dual-earner Family; Haya Stier
6. Beyond Local Culture and Politics: The New Consumerism Industry and Changing Labor Force Participation of Palestinian Women; Erez Marantz, Alexandra Kalev, and Noah Lewin-Epstein
7. The Welfare State as an Employer: An Unacknowledged Avenue of Opportunity for Palestinian Women in Israel; Michael Shalev and Amit Lazarus
PART III: SEGREGATION MATTERS
8. Barriers for Development of Employment Fields in the Arab Localities and Their Implications; Rassem Khamaisi
9. Factors and Obstacles Impeding Economic Development within Palestinian Localities in Israel: The Case of the Food Industry; Khaled Abu-Asbah and Muhammad Abu-Nasrah
10. Social and Spatial Examination of Arabs' Employment in Israel Using a Single municipality Scale; Ilan Shdema