Synopses & Reviews
The broadest-based ethical theory reader available, Perspectives on Ethics anchors moral theory in real life through the use of discussion questions, case studies, and the integration of selections from non-Western traditions and other disciplines.
About the Author
Judith A. Boss earned her PhD in 1990 from Boston University, her MA from Dalhousie University in Canada in 1971, and her BA from the University of Western Australia in 1969. Prior to pursing a career in academia, she worked as a writer/researcher for the Nova Scotia Museum. She was on the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rhode Island from 1988 to 1995 and worked as Assistant Director of Curriculum Affairs at Brown University School of Medicine until 2004 when she "retired" to return to full-time writing and became a visiting scholar with the philosophy department at Brown University. She continued, until last year, to teach one course a semester at the University of Massachusetts. In addition to her philosophical interests, she completed a MS in Human Development at URI in 1991 and has led faculty workshops and written extensively on the topic of college student development. She was recipient of a URI Foundation Grant to study the effects of community service learning on students' moral development and has served as a grant application reviewer for the Corporation for National Service. The author of nine books, her publications include ANALYZING MORAL ISSUES and ETHICS FOR LIFE, both with McGraw-Hill. Her textbook THiNK, also with McGraw-Hill, just came out in 2009. She is published in, among other, The Journal of Moral Education, Public Affairs Quarterly, The Journal of Medical Ethics, Academic Medicine, Educational Theory, Free Inquiry, and The Journal of Experiential Education. During her spare time she volunteers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and is active in the Appalachian Mountain Club. An avid traveler, she has traveled with students from the University of Rhode Island and Brown Medical School to work with underserved, indigenous people in Guatemala and Mexico. Her favorite travel destination, however, is Antarctica, and she is currently looking for a publisher for a suspense/thriller she wrote that is set in Antarctica. She lives in Rhode Island with her daughter, son-in-law and twin granddaughters.
Table of Contents
* indicates new to this edition
1. The Study of Ethics
*Aristotle, "Nicomachean Ethics"
Robert Coles, "The Disparity Between Intellect and Character"
Christina Hoff Sommers, "Where Have All the Good Deeds Gone?"
Sheila Mullett, "Shifting Perspective: A New Approach to Ethics"
2. Ethical Subjectivism
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, "Emile"
Mary Wollstonecraft, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman"
Jacob Javits and A.M. Rosenthal, "Study of the Sickness Called Apathy"
Stephen A. Satris, "Student Relativism"
*J.L. Mackie, "The Subjectivity of Values"
3. Cultural Relativism
Ruth Benedict, "A Defense of Cultural Relativism"
Marilyn Frye, "Oppression"
Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, "Hitler's Willing Executioners"
*Henry David Thoreau, "Civil Disobedience"
William H. Shaw, "Relativism in Ethics"
4. Morality and Religion
Mohandas K. Gandhi, "The Moral Teaching of the Bhagavad Gita"
Excerpts from Genesis, Exodus, and Matthew, Holy Bible
Lippman Bodoff, "God Tests Abraham, Abraham Tests God"
*M. Amir Ali et al, "The Moral System of Islam and Jihad Explained"
Thomas Aquinas, "The Summa Theologica"
Kai Nielsen, "Religious Ethics Versus Humanistic Ethics"
5. Beyond Relativism: Moral Development
Lawrence Kohlberg, "The Philosophy of Moral Development"
Carol Gilligan, "In a Different Voice"
Virginia Held, "The Meshing of Care and Justice"
*Laurence Thomas, "Moral and Psychological Development"
Eagle Man, "We Are All Related"
6. Ethical Egoism
Plato, "The Republic"
Edward O. Wilson, "On Human Nature"
Ayn Rand, "The Fountainhead"
Mary Midgley, "Can't We Make Moral Judgments?"
Jean Hampton, "The Wisdom of the Egoist: The Moral and Political Implications of Valuing the Self"
Jeremy Bentham, "An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation"
John Stuart Mill, "Utilitarianism, Liberty, and Representative Government"
*Kwame Gyekye, "An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The Akan Conceptual Scheme"
Peter Singer, "Animal Liberation"
Bernard Williams, "A Critique of Utilitarianism"
Immanuel Kant, "Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics"
"The Analects of Confucius"
Sissela Bok, "Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life"
William David Ross, "The Right and the Good"
John Rawls, "A Theory of Justice"
9. Rights Ethics
John Locke, "Two Treatises of Civil Government"
Karl Marx, "The Jewish Question"
Gustavo Gutierrez, "The Power of the Poor in History"
United Nations, "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
*Thomas Jefferson, "Letters to Noah Webster on James Madison"
*"U.S. Bill of Rights"
10. Virtue Ethics
Aristotle, "Nicomachean Ethics"
P. Don Premasiri, "The Relevance of the Noble Eightfold Path to Contemporary Society"
David Hume, "An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals"
Nel Noddings, "Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education"
Alasdair MacIntyre, "After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory"