Synopses & Reviews
Philosophy and the Neurosciences
is the first systematic integration of philosophy of mind and philosophy of science with neuroscience research. As philosophers have come to focus more and more on the relationship between mind and brain, they have had to take greater account of theory and research in the neurosciences. Likewise, as neuroscientists have learned more about cognitive structures and functions, their investigations have expanded and merged with traditional questions from the philosophy of mind.
By introducing key themes in philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and the fundamental concepts of neuroscience, this text provides philosophers with the necessary background to engage the neurosciences and offers neuroscientists an introduction to the relevant tools of philosophical analysis. Study questions, figures, and references to further reading are provided in each chapter to enhance the reader's understanding of how philosophy and the neurosciences are related in their exploration of the human mind.
Philosophy and the Neurosciences is the first systematic integration of philosophical investigation and neuroscience research. The roots of the integration lie in long-standing philosophical concerns with the epistemology of scientific investigation and the metaphysics of mind. These concerns are interrelated with historical and current research in neuroscience, presented in essays by philosophers and neuroscientists juxtaposed throughout the volume. By introducing key themes in philosophical inquiry and the basic concepts of neuroscience, this anthology provides philosophers with the necessary background to engage in the neurosciences. It also offers neuroscientists an introduction to the relevant tools of philosophical analysis. Questions and references are provided in each chapter to enhance the reader's understanding of these principles.
By introducing key themes in philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and the basic concepts of neuroscience, this text provides philosophers with the necessary background to engage the neurosciences and offers neuroscientists an introduction to the relevant tools of philosophical analysis.
About the Author
"William Bechtel and his colleagues have set about creating a genuine teaching aid." Journal of Consciousness Studies
"The first of its kind, Philosophy and the Neurosciences is sure to find an eager audience in neuroscience and philosophy. Under the encyclopedic and judicious guidance of Bill Bechtel, the editors have assembled a genuinely useful collection, provided insightful introductions to each section, and included a sample of groundbreaking papers from the history of neuroscience." Patricia Smith Churchland, University of California, San Diego
"The philosophy of neuroscience finally has a good teaching text. This nicely edited collection is a collage of classic and contemporary papers by neuroscientists and some solid, yet innovative philosophy." Peter Machamer, University of Pittsburgh
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements.
Part I: Neurophilosophical Foundations.
Introduction to Part I: Neurophilosophical Foundations (Pete Mandik).
1. Philosophy Meets the Neurosciences (William Bechtel, Pete Mandik, and Jennifer Mundale).
2. Brain Metaphor and Brain Theory (John G. Daugman).
3. Neuroanatomical Foundations for Cognition: The Neuron Doctrine and Brain Mapping (Jennifer Mundale).
4. Epistemic Issues in Procuring Evidence About the Brain: The Importance of Research Instruments and Techniques (William Bechtel and Robert S. Stufflebeam).
Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Neurophilosophical Foundations.
Part II: Language.
Introduction to Part II: Language (William Bechtel).
5. Remarks on the Seat of the Faculty of Articulate Language Followed by an Observation of Aphemia (Paul Broca).
6. Recent Works on Aphasia (Carl Wernicke).
7. The Processing of Single Words Studied with Positron Emission Tomography (Steven E. Petersen and Julie A. Fiez).
8. Modularity, Domain Specificity and the Development of Language (Elizabeth Bates).
9. Linking Cognition and Brain: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Language (William Bechtel).
Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Language.
Part III: Vision.
Introduction to Part III: Vision (William Bechtel).
10. Brain Mechanisms of Vision (David H. Hubel and Torsten N. Wiesel).
11. Object Vision and Spatial Vision: Two Cortical Pathways (Mortimer Mishkin, Leslie G. Ungerleider, and Kathleen A. Macko).
12. Neural Mechanisms of Form and Motion Processing in the Primate Visual System (David C. van Essen and Jack L. Gallant).
13. Decomposing and Localizing Vision: An Exemplar for Cognitive Neuroscience (William Bechtel).
Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Vision.
Part IV: Consciousness.
Introduction to Part IV: Consciousness (Pete Mandik).
14. Consciousness and Neuroscience (Francis Crick and Christof Koch).
15. A Neurofunctional Theory of Visual Consciousness (Jesse Prinz).
16. The Nature of Pain ( Valerie G. Hardcastle.
17. The Neurobiology and Philosophy of Subjectivity (Pete Mandik).
Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Consciousness.
Part V: Representation.
Introduction to Part V: Representation (Pete Mandik).
18. Representations: From Neural Systems to Cognitive Systems (William Bechtel).
19. The Architecture of Representation (Rick Grush).
20. Of Sensory Systems and the 'Aboutness' of Mental States (Kathleen Akins).
21. Brain Matters: A Case Against Representations in the Brain (Rob Stufflebeam) Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Representation.
Part VI: Reduction.
Introduction to Part VI: Reduction (Jennifer Mundale).
22. Intertheoretic Reduction: A Neuroscientist's Field Guide (Paul M. Churchland and Patricia S. Churchland).
23. Explanatory Pluralism and the Co-Evolution of Theories of Science (Robert N. McCauley).
24. McCauley's Demand for a Co-Level Competitor (Paul M. Churchland and Patricia S. Churchland).
Questions for Further Study and Reflection Concerning Reduction.