Synopses & Reviews
The book is of interest to general philosophers of science, thanks to the attention paid to logical, linguistic and ontological issues regarding mathematics. People interested in foundational research will find penetrating papers regarding structuralist and set-theoretical approaches. Scientists may appreciate the analyses of the role of mathematics in several sciences.
Synopsis
Mathematics is often considered as a body of knowledge that is essen tially independent of linguistic formulations, in the sense that, once the content of this knowledge has been grasped, there remains only the problem of professional ability, that of clearly formulating and correctly proving it. However, the question is not so simple, and P. Weingartner's paper (Language and Coding-Dependency of Results in Logic and Mathe matics) deals with some results in logic and mathematics which reveal that certain notions are in general not invariant with respect to different choices of language and of coding processes. Five example are given: 1) The validity of axioms and rules of classical propositional logic depend on the interpretation of sentential variables; 2) The language dependency of verisimilitude; 3) The proof of the weak and strong anti inductivist theorems in Popper's theory of inductive support is not invariant with respect to limitative criteria put on classical logic; 4) The language-dependency of the concept of provability; 5) The language dependency of the existence of ungrounded and paradoxical sentences (in the sense of Kripke). The requirements of logical rigour and consistency are not the only criteria for the acceptance and appreciation of mathematical proposi tions and theories."
Table of Contents
Logic, mathematics, ontology / F. Mirâo Quesada -- From certainty to fallibility in mathematics? / M. Borga -- Moderate mathematical fictionism / M. Bunge -- Language and coding-dependency of results in logic and mathematics / P. Weingartner -- What is a profound result in mathematics? / G.G. Granger -- The hylemorphic schema in mathematics / R. Thom -- Categorical foundations of the protean character of mathematics / S. Mac Lane -- Category theory and structuralism in mathematics : syntactical considerations / J.P. Marquis -- Reflection in set theory : the Bernays-Levy axiom system / G.H. Mâuller -- Structuralism and the concept of set / C. Parsons -- Aspects of mathematical experience / W. Sieg -- Logicism revisited in propositional fragment of Leâsniewski's ontology / A. Ishimoto -- The relation of mathematics to the other sciences / E. Agazzi -- Mathematics and physics / G.M. Prosperi -- The mathematical overdetermination of physics / E. Scheibe -- Gèodel's incompleteness theorem and quantum thermodynamic limits / D. Mundici -- Mathematical models in biology / J. Ricard, K. Ricard -- The natural numbers as a universal library / J. Mosterâin -- Mathematical symmetry principles in the scientific world view / G. Darvas -- Mathematics and logics : Hungarian traditions and the philosophy of non-classical logic / K.G. Havas -- Umfangslogik, inhaltslogik, theorematic reasoning / G. Heinzmann.