Synopses & Reviews
The most readable, understandable, and intuitively satisfying book on the thermodynamics of physical and chemical equilibriumPhysical and chemical equilibrium and the calculation of the thermodynamic properties of mixtures is a topic of great interest—and importance—to engineers, but it is not always easy to master. Using the simplest mathematics possible, and providing extensive discussion of the theory and practice of equilibrium calculations, the Second Edition of Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers provides rigorous but readable, understandable, and intuitively satisfying coverage, showing the reader how to solve common and advanced problems by hand, and by using spreadsheets, and then explains how such problems are solved in computer process design programs.
Fully revised and expanded, this new edition explores physical and chemical equilibrium in detail, including a new appendix on the Bridgman Table and its uses, a new chapter on Equilibrium in Biochemical Reactions, and new sections on minimum work, eutectics and hydrates, adsorption, buffers, and the charge-balance method of computing them. Its appendix on Calculation of Fugacities from Pressure-Explicit EOSs clearly shows how modern computer equilibrium programs actually do their work using the SRK and related equations.
Providing a concise and highly accessible guide to the thermodynamic properties of a wide range of mixtures, and how these properties control physical and chemical equilibrium, this book is of interest not only to chemical, but also environmental and civil engineers. Large numbers of problems and examples—worked in detail—help the reader integrate the material in this book into his/her working technical toolkit. Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers is a must-have for anyone wanting to understand and then apply this important branch of thermodynamics.
Synopsis
This book concentrates on the topic of physical and chemical equilibrium. Using the simplest mathematics along with numerous numerical examples it accurately and rigorously covers physical and chemical equilibrium in depth and detail. It continues to cover the topics found in the first edition however numerous updates have been made including: Changes in naming and notation (the first edition used the traditional names for the Gibbs Free Energy and for Partial Molal Properties, this edition uses the more popular Gibbs Energy and Partial Molar Properties,) changes in symbols (the first edition used the Lewis-Randal fugacity rule and the popular symbol for the same quantity, this edition only uses the popular notation,) and new problems have been added to the text. Finally the second edition includes an appendix about the Bridgman table and its use.
About the Author
NOEL de NEVERS, PhD, followed five years of working for Chevron with thirty-seven years as a Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department of the University of Utah. His textbooks (and research papers) are in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and air pollution control engineering. He regularly consults as an expert on explosions, fires, and toxic exposures.
In addition to technical work, he has three "de Nevers's Laws" in a Murphy's Laws compilation and won the title "Poet Laureate of Jell-O Salad" in a Salt Lake City competition, with three limericks and a quatrain. He has climbed the Grand Teton, Mt. Rainier, Mt. Whitney, Kala Pattar, and Mt. Kilimanjaro, and is the official discoverer of Private Arch in Arches National Park.
Table of Contents
Preface xiii
About the Author xv
Nomenclature xvii
1. Introduction to Equilibrium 1
2. Basic Thermodynamics 13
3. The Simplest Phase Equilibrium Examples and Some Simple Estimating Rules 35
4. Minimization of Gibbs Energy 49
5. Vapor Pressure, the Clapeyron Equation, and Single Pure Chemical Species Phase Equilibrium 61
6. Partial Molar Properties 73
7. Fugacity, Ideal Solutions, Activity, Activity Coefficient 89
8. Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at Low Pressures 107
9. Correlating and Predicting Nonideal VLE 143
10. Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at High Pressures 167
11. Liquid-Liquid, Liquid-Solid, and Gas-Solid Equilibrium 179
12. Chemical Equilibrium 215
13. Equilibrium in Complex Chemical Reactions 241
14. Equilibrium with Gravity or Centrifugal Force, Osmotic Equilibrium, Equilibrium with Surface Tension 263
15. The Phase Rule 277
16. Equilibrium in Biochemical Reactions 291
Appendix A. Useful Tables and Charts 301
Appendix B. Equilibrium with other Restraints, Other Approaches to Equilibrium 317
Appendix C. The Mathematics of Fugacity, Ideal Solutions Activity and Activity Coefficients 321
Appendix D. Equations of State for Liquids and Solids Well Below their Critical Temperatures 327
Appendix E. Gibbs Energy of Formation Values 333
Appendix F. Calculation of Fugacities from Pressure-Explicit EOSs 337
Appendix G. Thermodynamic Property Derivatives and the Bridgeman Table 345
Appendix H. Answers to Selected Problems 000
Index 349