Synopses & Reviews
The Nordic countries have been able to raise living standards and curb inequalities without compromising economic growth. But with social inequalities on the rise how do they fare when compared to countries with alternative welfare models, such as the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany?Taking a comparative perspective, this book casts new light on the changing inequalities in Europe. It will be invaluable for students and policy makers interested in European social policy and living conditions.
This collection of essays explores and explains the significance of the differences and similarities in recent developments in the social, economic and employment policies for supporting parenthood within the four Scandinavian countries. Sharing a clear analytical framework, these essays represent comparative social policy at its best. They should be required reading for political scientists in general as well as those interested in achieving gender equality in particular. Hilary Land, Emeritus Professor of Family Policy, University of Bristol, UK
This book is a very valuable and timely contribution to writing in comparative social policy, family policy, gender and equality. Journal of Social Policy
Throughout Western Europe, the work-family balance is high up on the political agenda as traditional policies fail to meet the needs of post-industrial families. The Scandinavian countries pioneered the translation of parenthood into political issues and this updated, critical assessment of these issues provides a timely contribution to the ongoing European debates. The book provides a unique documentation and synthesis of Nordic work-family reforms since the 1990's. It explores policy discourses and scrutinizes policy outcomes.
Taking a comparative perspective, this book casts new light on the changing inequalities in Europe.
About the Author
Jon Kvist, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark, Johan Fritzell, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Bjorn Hvinden, NOVA Norwegian Social Research, Norway and Olli Kangas, KELA Research Department, The Social Insurance Institution
Table of Contents
Introduction: politicising parenthood in Scandinavia - Anne Lise Ellingsæter and Arnlaug Leira
Part One: Politicising parenthood: legacies and challenges
Parenthood change and policy reform in Scandinavia 1970s-2000s - Arnlaug Leira
Nordic fertility patterns: compatible with gender equality? - Marit Rønsen and Kare Skrede
Part Two: Gender equality and parental choice in welfare state redesign
Nordic men on parental leave: can the welfare state change gender relations? - Johanna Lammi-Taskula
The public-private split rearticulated: abolishment of the Danish daddy leave - Anette Borchorst
The Norwegian childcare regime and its paradoxes - Anne Lise Ellingsæter
Parental choice and the passion for equality in Finland - Minna Salmi
Part Three: Work, family and the welfare state: redefining family models
Woman-friendliness and economic depression: Finland and Sweden in the 1990s - Heikki Hiilamo
Working time and caring strategies: parenthood in different welfare states - Thomas P. Boje
Diverging paths? The dual-earner/dual-carer model in Finland and Sweden in the 1990s - Anita Haataja and Anita Nyberg
Lone motherhood in the Nordic countries: sole providers in the dual-breadwinner regimes - Anne Skevik
Epilogue: Scandinavian policies of parenthood - a success story? - Anne Lise Ellingsæter and Arnlaug Leira