Synopses & Reviews
C++ is a powerful, highly flexible, and adaptable programming language that allows software engineers to organize and process information quickly and effectively. But this high-level language is relatively difficult to master, even if you already know the C programming language.The 2nd edition of Practical C++ Programming is a complete introduction to the C++ language for programmers who are learning C++. Reflecting the latest changes to the C++ standard, this 2nd edition takes a useful down-to-earth approach, placing a strong emphasis on how to design clean, elegant code.In short, to-the-point chapters, all aspects of programming are covered including style, software engineering, programming design, object-oriented design, and debugging. It also covers common mistakes and how to find (and avoid) them. End of chapter exercises help you ensure you've mastered the material.Practical C++ Programming thoroughly covers:
- C++ Syntax
- Coding standards and style
- Creation and use of object classes
- Debugging and optimization
- Use of the C++ preprocessor
- File input/output
Steve Oualline's clear, easy-going writing style and hands-on approach to learning make Practical C++ Programming
a nearly painless way to master this complex but powerful programming language.
A complete introduction to C++ is provided for the beginning programmer in this guide. It is also suitable for C programmers migrating to C++, emphasising a practical approach including how to understand other people's code.
About the Author
Steve Oualline lives in Southern California, where he works as a software engineer for a major phone company. In his free time he is a real engineer on the Poway Midland Railroad. Steve has written almost a dozen books on programming and Linux software. His web site is http://www.oualline.com .
Table of Contents
Preface; Scope of This Handbook; How This Book Is Organized; How to Read This Book If You Already Know C; Font Conventions; How to Contact Us; Acknowledgments for the First Edition; Acknowledgments for the Second Edition; Part I: The Basics; Chapter 1: What Is C++?; 1.1 A Brief History of C++; 1.2 C++ Organization; 1.3 How to Learn C++; Chapter 2: The Basics of Program Writing; 2.1 Programs from Conception to Execution; 2.2 Creating a Real Program; 2.3 Getting Help in Unix; 2.4 Getting Help in an IDE; 2.5 Programming Exercises; Chapter 3: Style; 3.1 Comments; 3.2 C++ Code; 3.3 Naming Style; 3.4 Coding Religion; 3.5 Indentation and Code Format; 3.6 Clarity; 3.7 Simplicity; 3.8 Consistency and Organization; 3.9 Further Reading; 3.10 Summary; Chapter 4: Basic Declarations and Expressions; 4.1 Basic Program Structure; 4.2 Simple Expressions; 4.3 The std::cout Output Object; 4.4 Variables and Storage; 4.5 Variable Declarations; 4.6 Integers; 4.7 Assignment Statements; 4.8 Floating-Point Numbers; 4.9 Floating-Point Divide Versus Integer Divide; 4.10 Characters; 4.11 Wide Characters; 4.12 Boolean Type; 4.13 Programming Exercises; 4.14 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 5: Arrays, Qualifiers, and Reading Numbers; 5.1 Arrays; 5.2 Strings; 5.3 Reading Data; 5.4 Initializing Variables; 5.5 Multidimensional Arrays; 5.6 C-Style Strings; 5.7 Types of Integers; 5.8 Types of Floats; 5.9 Constant and Reference Declarations; 5.10 Qualifiers; 5.11 Hexadecimal and Octal Constants; 5.12 Operators for Performing Shortcuts; 5.13 Side Effects; 5.14 Programming Exercises; 5.15 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 6: Decision and Control Statements; 6.1 if Statement; 6.2 else Statement; 6.3 How Not to Use std::strcmp; 6.4 Looping Statements; 6.5 while Statement; 6.6 break Statement; 6.7 continue Statement; 6.8 The Assignment Anywhere Side Effect; 6.9 Programming Exercises; 6.10 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 7: The Programming Process; 7.1 Setting Up Your Work Area; 7.2 The Specification; 7.3 Code Design; 7.4 The Prototype; 7.5 The Makefile; 7.6 Testing; 7.7 Debugging; 7.8 Maintenance; 7.9 Revisions; 7.10 Electronic Archaeology; 7.11 Mark Up the Program; 7.12 Use the Debugger; 7.13 Use the Text Editor as a Browser; 7.14 Add Comments; 7.15 Programming Exercises; Part II: Simple Programming; Chapter 8: More Control Statements; 8.1 for Statement; 8.2 switch Statement; 8.3 switch, break, and continue; 8.4 Programming Exercises; 8.5 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 9: Variable Scope and Functions; 9.1 Scope and Storage Class; 9.2 Namespaces; 9.3 Functions; 9.4 Summary of Parameter Types; 9.5 Recursion; 9.6 Structured Programming Basics; 9.7 Real-World Programming; 9.8 Programming Exercises; 9.9 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 10: The C++ Preprocessor; 10.1 #define Statement; 10.2 Conditional Compilation; 10.3 #include Files; 10.4 Parameterized Macros; 10.5 Advanced Features; 10.6 Summary; 10.7 Programming Exercises; 10.8 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 11: Bit Operations; 11.1 Bit Operators; 11.2 The AND Operator (&); 11.3 Bitwise OR (|); 11.4 The Bitwise Exclusive OR (^); 11.5 The Ones Complement Operator (NOT) (~); 11.6 The Left and Right Shift Operators (<,>>); 11.7 Setting, Clearing, and Testing Bits; 11.8 Bitmapped Graphics; 11.9 Programming Exercises; 11.10 Answers to Chapter Questions; Part III: Advanced Types and Classes; Chapter 12: Advanced Types; 12.1 Structures; 12.2 Unions; 12.3 typedef; 12.4 enum Type; 12.5 Bit Members or Packed Structures; 12.6 Arrays of Structures; 12.7 Programming Exercises; 12.8 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 13: Simple Classes; 13.1 Stacks; 13.2 Improved Stack; 13.3 Using a Class; 13.4 Introduction to Constructors and Destructors; 13.5 Automatically Generated Member Functions; 13.6 Shortcuts; 13.7 Style; 13.8 Structures Versus Classes; 13.9 Programming Exercises; Chapter 14: More on Classes; 14.1 Friends; 14.2 Constant Functions; 14.3 Constant Members; 14.4 Static Member Variables; 14.5 Static Member Functions; 14.6 The Meaning of static; 14.7 Programming Exercises; Chapter 15: Simple Pointers; 15.1 const Pointers; 15.2 Pointers and Printing; 15.3 Pointers and Arrays; 15.4 The reinterpret_cast; 15.5 Pointers and Structures; 15.6 Command-Line Arguments; 15.7 Programming Exercises; 15.8 Answers to Chapter Questions; Part IV: Advanced Programming Concepts; Chapter 16: File Input/Output; 16.1 C++ File I/O; 16.2 Conversion Routines; 16.3 Binary and ASCII Files; 16.4 The End-of-Line Puzzle; 16.5 Binary I/O; 16.6 Buffering Problems; 16.7 Unbuffered I/O; 16.8 Designing File Formats; 16.9 C-Style I/O Routines; 16.10 C-Style Conversion Routines; 16.11 C-Style Binary I/O; 16.12 C- Versus C++- Style I/O; 16.13 Programming Exercises; 16.14 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 17: Debugging and Optimization; 17.1 Code Reviews; 17.2 Serial Debugging; 17.3 Going Through the Output; 17.4 Interactive Debuggers; 17.5 Debugging a Binary Search; 17.6 Interactive Debugging Tips and Tricks; 17.7 Runtime Errors; 17.8 Optimization; 17.9 How to Optimize; 17.10 Case Study: Inline Functions Versus Normal Functions; 17.11 Case Study: Optimizing a Color-Rendering Algorithm; 17.12 Programming Exercises; 17.13 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 18: Operator Overloading; 18.1 Creating a Simple Fixed-Point Class; 18.2 Operator Functions; 18.3 Operator Member Functions; 18.4 Warts; 18.5 Full Definition of the Fixed-Point Class; 18.6 Programming Exercises; 18.7 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 19: Floating Point; 19.1 Floating-Point Format; 19.2 Floating Addition/Subtraction; 19.3 Multiplication and Division; 19.4 Overflow and Underflow; 19.5 Roundoff Error; 19.6 Accuracy; 19.7 Minimizing Roundoff Error; 19.8 Determining Accuracy; 19.9 Precision and Speed; 19.10 Power Series; 19.11 Programming Exercises; Chapter 20: Advanced Pointers; 20.1 Pointers, Structures, and Classes; 20.2 delete Operator; 20.3 Linked Lists; 20.4 Ordered Linked Lists; 20.5 Doubly Linked Lists; 20.6 Trees; 20.7 Printing a Tree; 20.8 The Rest of the Program; 20.9 Data Structures for a Chess Program; 20.10 Programming Exercises; 20.11 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 21: Advanced Classes; 21.1 Derived Classes; 21.2 Virtual Functions; 21.3 Virtual Classes; 21.4 Function Hiding in Derived Classes; 21.5 Constructors and Destructors in Derived Classes; 21.6 The dynamic_cast Operator; 21.7 Summary; 21.8 Programming Exercises; 21.9 Answers to Chapter Questions; Part V: Other Language Features; Chapter 22: Exceptions; 22.1 Adding Exceptions to the Stack Class; 22.2 Exceptions Versus assert; 22.3 Programming Exercises; Chapter 23: Modular Programming; 23.1 Modules; 23.2 Public and Private; 23.3 The extern Storage Class; 23.4 Headers; 23.5 The Body of the Module; 23.6 A Program to Use Infinite Arrays; 23.7 The Makefile for Multiple Files; 23.8 Using the Infinite Array; 23.9 Dividing a Task into Modules; 23.10 Module Design Guidelines; 23.11 Programming Exercises; Chapter 24: Templates; 24.1 What Is a Template?; 24.2 Templates: The Hard Way; 24.3 Templates: The C++ Way; 24.4 Function Specialization; 24.5 Class Templates; 24.6 Class Specialization; 24.7 Implementation Details; 24.8 Advanced Features; 24.9 Summary; 24.10 Programming Exercises; Chapter 25: Standard Template Library; 25.1 STL Basics; 25.2 Class List--A Set of Students; 25.3 Creating a Waiting List with the STL List; 25.4 Storing Grades in a STL Map; 25.5 Putting It All Together; 25.6 Practical Considerations When Using the STL; 25.7 Getting More Information; 25.8 Exercises; Chapter 26: Program Design; 26.1 Design Goals; 26.2 Design Factors; 26.3 Design Principles; 26.4 Coding; 26.5 Objects; 26.6 Real-World Design Techniques; 26.7 Conclusion; Chapter 27: Putting It All Together; 27.1 Requirements; 27.2 Code Design; 27.3 Coding; 27.4 Functional Description; 27.5 Testing; 27.6 Revisions; 27.7 A Final Warning; 27.8 Program Files; 27.9 Programming Exercises; Chapter 28: From C to C++; 28.1 K&R-Style Functions; 28.2 struct; 28.3 malloc and free; 28.4 Turning Structures into Classes; 28.5 setjmp and longjmp; 28.6 Mixing C and C++ Code; 28.7 Summary; 28.8 Programming Exercise; Chapter 29: C++'s Dustier Corners; 29.1 do/while; 29.2 goto; 29.3 The ?: Construct; 29.4 The Comma Operator; 29.5 Overloading the ( ) Operator; 29.6 Pointers to Members; 29.7 The asm Statement; 29.8 The mutable Qualifier; 29.9 Run Time Type Identification; 29.10 Trigraphs; 29.11 Answers to Chapter Questions; Chapter 30: Programming Adages; 30.1 General; 30.2 Design; 30.3 Declarations; 30.4 switch Statement; 30.5 Preprocessor; 30.6 Style; 30.7 Compiling; 30.8 The Ten Commandments for C++ Programmers; 30.9 Final Note; 30.10 Answers to Chapter Questions; Part VI: Appendixes; Appendix A: ASCII Table; Appendix B: Ranges; Appendix C: Operator Precedence Rules; C.1 Standard Rules; C.2 Practical Subset of the Operator Precedence Rules; Appendix D: Computing Sine Using a Power Series; Appendix E: Resources; E.1 Compilers; E.2 Standard Template Library; E.3 Standards; E.4 Programming Tools; Colophon;