Synopses & Reviews
In his monumental 1687 work
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, known familiarly as the
Principia, Isaac Newton laid out in mathematical terms the principles of time, force, and motion that have guided the development of modern physical science. Even after more than three centuries and the revolutions of Einsteinian relativity and quantum mechanics, Newtonian physics continues to account for many of the phenomena of the observed world, and Newtonian celestial dynamics is used to determine the orbits of our space vehicles.
This completely new translation, the first in 270 years, is based on the third (1726) edition, the final revised version approved by Newton; it includes extracts from the earlier editions, corrects errors found in earlier versions, and replaces archaic English with contemporary prose and up-to-date mathematical forms.
Newton's principles describe acceleration, deceleration, and inertial movement; fluid dynamics; and the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets. A great work in itself, the Principia also revolutionized the methods of scientific investigation. It set forth the fundamental three laws of motion and the law of universal gravity, the physical principles that account for the Copernican system of the world as emended by Kepler, thus effectively ending controversy concerning the Copernican planetary system.
The illuminating Guide to the Principia by I. Bernard Cohen, along with his and Anne Whitman's translation, will make this preeminent work truly accessible for today's scientists, scholars, and students.
Synopsis
One of the greatest science books ever written (as described by Laplace), it took Newton only 18 months to write and publish it in 1687. Written originally in Latin, in 1729 it was first translated into English two years after Newton's death. The mathematical principles that are the subject of this masterpiece are Galileo's findings into the three laws of motion and Newton's brilliant deduction of the law of universal gravitation.
Synopsis
"This new, vastly better translation of the
Principia is the perfect work for illustrating how science, at its best, succeeds in turning data into decisive evidence."and#151;George E. Smith, Tufts University
"This translation is deeply impressive and will be the definitive version for a century to come. Cohen's guide is up-to-date on matters of Newton scholarship and free from discarded conjectures of the past."and#151;Curtis Wilson, St. John's College
About the Author
I. Bernard Cohen (1914-2003) was Victor S. Thomas Professor (Emeritus) of the History of Science at Harvard University. Among his recent books are Benjamin Franklin's Science (1996), Interactions (1994), and Science and the Founding Fathers (1992). Anne Whitman was coeditor (with I. Bernard Cohen and Alexander Koyrand#233;) of the Latin edition, with variant readings, of the Principia (1972). Julia Budenz, author of From the Gardens of Flora Baum (1984), is a multilingual classicist and poet.