Synopses & Reviews
The book is about logical analysis of natural language. Since we humans communicate by means of natural language, we need a tool that helps us to understand in a precise manner how the logical and formal mechanisms of natural language work. Moreover, in the age of computers, we need to communicate both with and through computers as well. Transparent Intensional Logic is a tool that is helpful in making our communication and reasoning smooth and precise. It deals with all kinds of linguistic context in a fully compositional and anti-contextual way.
This book shows how TIL lends itself to a broad range of applications. It comprises logical analysis of natural language, artificial-intelligence methods of knowledge representation, multi-agent systems in computer science, philosophy of mathematics, and more.
This book is about Transparent Intensional Logic, the brainchild of Pavel Tichy. Three books and around 100 papers on Transparent Intensional Logic have till now seen the light of day since the mid-1960s. So why a book of more than 500 pages now? For two reasons. Firstly, Transparent Intensional Logic is a theory without something like a textbook. Now this is not an actual textbook, if a textbook is a patient introduction garnished with exercises and solutions; nor is it a teach-yourself-in-a-week manual for the uninitiated-but-curious. But we, the three authors, have striven to write an accessible one-stop survey of Transparent Intensional Logic that may be read by advanced students of logic, semantics, linguistics, informatics, computer science, and kindred disciplines. Secondly, logical semantics is a field progressing by leaps and bounds, and much has happened since Tichy put out his first and only book in 1988. We thought it was about time for us to assemble in one place the most important - tensions, improvements and applications stemming from the last several years that address issues not dealt with either at all or only cursorily by Tichy. We have also made a point of flagging various unsettled issues in the theory s edifice and of - dicating the general direction in which we expect solutions are most likely to be found."
July 2011 -- The Council of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has
About the Author
Doc. RNDr. Marie Duží, CSc., is Associate Professor at VSB-Technical University Ostrava, Czech Republic. Her research interests include philosophical and mathematical logic, conceptual modelling, computer science (theory of information). In 2001 she was one of the invited lecturers in a seminar on Transparent Intensional Logic, University of Leiden, the Netherlands. In 2008 the Rector of VSB-Technical University Ostrava awarded her for the greatest contribution to the scientific and research progress of the entire university. Dr Bjørn Jespersen, PhD., is currently Visiting Researcher at the Section of Philosophy, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology. Since the late 1990s Jespersen published forty research papers, frequently co-authored with Marie Duží or Pavel Materna, on Transparent Intensional Logic, as well as covering other issues in natural-language semantics, epistemology, and epistemic logic. He co-edited, together with V. Svoboda and C. Cheyne, the 900-page collection of Tichý's collected papers, published in 2004. PhDr. Pavel Materna, CSc, is Professor of Logic at Masaryk University (Brno), and senior researcher at the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Prague). Materna is a member of the editorial board of the philosophical journals Filosofický casopis (Philosophical journal) and Organon F, member of the Internationale Bernard-Bolzano Gesellschaft, Salzburg, Austria, and
Table of Contents
Preface.- 1. A Programme of general semantics.- 2. Foundations of semantic analysis.- 3. Singular reference and pragmatically incomplete meaning.- 4. Requisites: Logic of intensions.- 5. Attitudes and information.- Bibliography.- Name Index.- Subject index.