Synopses & Reviews
The conference on Proof Theory: History and Philosophical Significance held in 1997 at the University of Roskilde, Denmark, tracked the history of proof theory and its role in the analysis of the philosophical foundations of mathematics since Hilbert's original program to its modern, highly articulated form. This volume is a collection of papers presented at the conference. It can be read with profit and pleasure by philosophers, mathematicians, computer scientists and scholars with no professional training in proof theory, provided they have a general knowledge of foundational issues.
Synopsis
The conference on Proof Theory: History and Philosophical Significance held in 1997 at the University of Roskilde, Denmark, tracked the history of proof theory and its role in the analysis of the philosophical foundations of mathematics since Hilbert's original program to its modern, highly articulated form. This volume is a collection of papers presented at the conference. It can be read with profit and pleasure by philosophers, mathematicians, computer scientists and scholars with no professional training in proof theory, provided they have a general knowledge of foundational issues.
Synopsis
hiS volume in the Synthese Library Series is the result of a conference T held at the University of Roskilde, Denmark, October 31st-November 1st, 1997. The aim was to provide a forum within which philosophers, math- ematicians, logicians and historians of mathematics could exchange ideas pertaining to the historical and philosophical development of proof theory. Hence the conference was called Proof Theory: History and Philosophical Significance. To quote from the conference abstract: Proof theory was developed as part of Hilberts Programme. According to Hilberts Programme one could provide mathematics with a firm and se- cure foundation by formalizing all of mathematics and subsequently prove consistency of these formal systems by finitistic means. Hence proof theory was developed as a formal tool through which this goal should be fulfilled. It is well known that Hilbert's Programme in its original form was unfeasible mainly due to Gtldel's incompleteness theorems. Additionally it proved impossible to formalize all of mathematics and impossible to even prove the consistency of relatively simple formalized fragments of mathematics by finitistic methods. In spite of these problems, Gentzen showed that by extending Hilbert's proof theory it would be possible to prove the consistency of interesting formal systems, perhaps not by finitis- tic methods but still by methods of minimal strength. This generalization of Hilbert's original programme has fueled modern proof theory which is a rich part of mathematical logic with many significant implications for the philosophy of mathematics.
Table of Contents
Preface. Contributing Authors. Introduction.
Part 1: Review of Proof Theory. Highlights in Proof Theory;
S. Feferman. Part 2: The Background of Hilbert's Proof Theory. The Empiricist Roots of Hilbert's Axiomatic Approach;
L. Corry. The Calm Before the Storm: Hilbert's Early Views on Foundations;
D. Rowe. Toward Finitist Proof Theory;
W. Sieg. Part 3: Brouwer and Weyl on Proof Theory and Philosophy of Mathematics. The Development of Brouwer's Intuitionism;
D. van Dalen. Did Brouwer's Intuitionistic Analysis Satisfy its own Epistemological Standards?
M. Epple. The Significance of Weyl's
Das Kontinuum;
S. Feferman. Herman Weyl on the Concept of Continuum;
E. Scholz. Part 4: Modern Views and Results from Proof Theory. Relationships between Constructive, Predicative and Classical Systems of Analysis;
S. Feferman. Index.