Spanning centuries of philosophical and environmental thought, Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Ethics and Philosophy,
Second Edition, will inform and enlighten your students while also encouraging debate.
Extensively revised and updated for the second edition, this comprehensive collection presents fifty classic and contemporary readings, thirty-three of them new. The second edition retains the core readings and insights of the first edition while also updating its coverage in light of the many changes that have occurred over the last twenty years in the intellectual climate and in patterns of environmental concern. The selections are topically organized into sections on animals, biodiversity, ethics, images of nature, wilderness, and--new to this edition--aesthetics, climate change, and food. This thematic organization, in combination with coverage of current environmental issues, encourages students to apply what they learn in class to real-life problems.
Featuring insightful section introductions, discussion questions, and suggestions for further reading, Reflecting on Nature, Second Edition, is ideal for use in environmental philosophy, environmental ethics, and environmental studies courses.
*=New to this Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
SECTION I. IMAGES OF NATURE
Lynn White, Jr., "The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis"
Aristotle, from Physics
Aristotle, from Politics
John Locke, from The Second Treatise of Government
Charles Darwin, from On the Origin of Species
John Muir, "Anthropocentrism and Predation"
Aldo Leopold, from "The Land Ethic"
Henry David Thoreau, from "Walking"
John Stuart Mill, from Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy
* John Stuart Mill, from "On Nature"
Daniel Botkin, from Discordant Harmonies: A New Ecology for the Twenty-First Century
Vandana Shiva, from Staying Alive: Women, Ecology, and Development
Stephen Jay Gould, from "The Golden Rule--A Proper Scale for Our Environmental Crisis"
* Val Plumwood, from "Being Prey"
* Arne Naess, from "The Basics of Deep Ecology"
* Rachel Carson, from Silent Spring
SECTION II. ETHICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
* Richard Routley, "Is There a Need for a New, an Environmental, Ethic?"
Bernard Williams, "Must a Concern for the Environment be Centered on Human Beings?"
Kenneth Goodpaster, from "On Being Morally Considerable"
* Robert Elliot, "Normative Ethics"
* Ronald Sandler, "Environmental Virtue Ethics"
Paul W. Taylor, from Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics
* J. Baird Callicott, from Beyond the Land Ethic
SECTION III. JUSTICE AND THE ENVIRONMENT
* Peter Singer, "One Community"
* Brian Barry, from "Sustainability and Intergenerational Justice"
* Sheila Foster and Luke Cole, "Environmental Racism"
SECTION IV. ANIMALS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
* Peter Singer, "All Animals are Equal . . ."
* Lori Gruen, "The Moral Status of Animals"
* Mark Sagoff, "Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce"
* Dale Jamieson, "Animal Liberation Is an Environmental Ethic"
* Tom Regan, "Understanding Animal Rights Violence"
SECTION V. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES AND CONTROVERSIES
* Wendell Berry, from "The Ecological Crisis as a Crisis of Agriculture"
* Jonathan Safran Foer, from Eating Animals
* Blake Hurst, "The Omnivore's Delusion: Against the Agri-intellectuals"
* Peter Singer and Jim Mason, from The Ethics of What We Eat
* Cora Diamond, "Eating Meat and Eating People"
* Evelyn Pluhar, "Meat and Morality: Alternatives to Factory Farming"
* Jack Turner, from The Abstract Wild
* William Cronon, "The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature"
* Ramachandra Guha, "Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique"
Elliott Sober, "Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism"
* Sahotra Sarkar, from Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy
* Holmes Rolston III, "Biodiversity"
* Anil Agarwal and Sunita Narain, from "Global Warming in an Unequal World"
* Stephen M. Gardiner, "Ethics and Climate Change"
* Eric A. Posner and Cass R. Sunstein, from "Climate Change Justice"
* John A. Fisher, "Environmental Aesthetics"
* Allen Carleson, "Nature and Positive Aesthetics"
* Ned Hettinger, "Objectivity in Environmental Aesthetics and Protection of the Environment"