Synopses & Reviews
In the 1960s and 1970s, the United States and Japan went through massive welfare expansions that sparked debates about citizenship. At the heart of these disputes stood African Americans and Koreans. Reinventing Citizenship offers a comparative study of African American welfare activism in Los Angeles and Koreansandrsquo; campaigns for welfare rights in Kawasaki. In working-class and poor neighborhoods in both locations, African Americans and Koreans sought not only to be recognized as citizens but also to become legitimate constituting members of communities.
Local activists in Los Angeles and Kawasaki ardently challenged the welfare institutions. By creating opposition movements and voicing alternative visions of citizenship, African American leaders, Tsuchiya argues, turned Lyndon B. Johnsonandrsquo;s War on Poverty into a battle for equality. Koreans countered the cityandrsquo;s and the nationandrsquo;s exclusionary policies and asserted their welfare rights. Tsuchiyaandrsquo;s work exemplifies transnational antiracist networking, showing how black religious leaders traveled to Japan to meet Christian Korean activists and to provide counsel for their own struggles.
Reinventing Citizenship reveals how race and citizenship transform as they cross countries and continents. By documenting the interconnected histories of African Americans and Koreans in Japan, Tsuchiya enables us to rethink present ideas of community and belonging.
This work compares African American welfare activism in Los Angeleswith the battles for welfare rights conducted by Korean residents of Kawasaki, Japan, during the 1960s and 1970s. Analyzing archivaldocuments, oral histories, newspapers, and other sources, the author analyzes contested constructions of citizenship associated withinstitutional discourses and the discourses of grassroots organizations challenging race-, gender-, and nationality-based exclusions in the US and Japanese welfare states.Annotation ©2014 Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR (protoview.com)
offers a comparative study of African American welfare activism in Los Angeles and Koreansandrsquo; campaigns for welfare rights in Kawasaki, revealing how race and citizenship transform as they cross countries and continents. By documenting the interconnected histories of African Americans and Koreans in Japan, Kazuyo Tsuchiya enables us to rethink present ideas of community and belonging.
About the Author
Kazuyo Tsuchiya is associate professor of American history and culture in the Department of English at Kanagawa University.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Los Angeles and Kawasaki as Arenas of Struggle over Citizenship
1. Between Inclusion and Exclusion: The Origins of the U.S. Community Action Program
2. Fostering Community and Nationhood: Japan's Model Community Program
3. Struggling for Political Voice: Race and the Politics of Welfare in Los Angeles
4. Recasting the Community Action Program: The Pursuit of Race, Class, and Gender Equality in Los Angeles
5. Translating Black Theology into Korean Activism: The Hitachi Employment Discrimination Trial
6. Voicing Alternative Visions of Citizenship: The andquot;Kawasaki Systemandquot; of Welfare
Conclusion: The Interconnectedness of Oppression and Freedom