Synopses & Reviews
At once an incredible adventure narrative and a penetrating biographical portrait, The River of Doubt
is the true story of Theodore Roosevelt's harrowing exploration of one of the most dangerous rivers on earth.
The River of Doubt it is a black, uncharted tributary of the Amazon that snakes through one of the most treacherous jungles in the world. Indians armed with poison-tipped arrows haunt its shadows; piranhas glide through its waters; boulder-strewn rapids turn the river into a roiling cauldron.
After his humiliating election defeat in 1912, Roosevelt set his sights on the most punishing physical challenge he could find, the first descent of an unmapped, rapids-choked tributary of the Amazon. Together with his son Kermit and Brazil's most famous explorer, Cândido Mariano da Silva Rondon, Roosevelt accomplished a feat so great that many at the time refused to believe it. In the process, he changed the map of the western hemisphere forever.
Along the way, Roosevelt and his men faced an unbelievable series of hardships, losing their canoes and supplies to punishing whitewater rapids, and enduring starvation, Indian attack, disease, drowning, and a murder within their own ranks. Three men died, and Roosevelt was brought to the brink of suicide. The River of Doubt brings alive these extraordinary events in a powerful nonfiction narrative thriller that happens to feature one of the most famous Americans who ever lived.
From the soaring beauty of the Amazon rain forest to the darkest night of Theodore Roosevelt's life, here is Candice Millard's dazzling debut.
"A rich, dramatic tale that ranges from the personal to the literally earth-shaking." Janet Maslin, The New York Times
"[A] fine account...There are far too many books in which a travel writer follows in the footsteps of his or her hero and there are far too few books like this, in which an author who has spent time and energy ferreting out material from archival sources weaves it into a gripping tale." The Washington Post
"[N]o frills, high-adventure writing...Millard's sober account is as claustrophobic as a walk through the densest jungle, and as full of vigor as Roosevelt himself." Entertainment Weekly
"Millard turns this incredible story into one that easily matches an Indiana Jones screen adventure. Essential." Library Journal
"[A] riveting, bravura performance....[Millard] re-creates Roosevelt's adventure in spellbinding fashion....Both a white-knuckle survival saga and an informative scientific journal, River of Doubt is an irresistible read." Houston Chronicle
"This is a bully good adventure tale about a great man." USA Today
At once an incredible adventure narrative and a penetrating biographical portrait, The River of Doubt is the true story of Theodore Roosevelt's harrowing exploration of one of the most dangerous rivers on Earth.
About the Author
is a former writer and editor at National Geographic magazine. She lives in Kansas City.
From the Hardcover edition.
Reading Group Guide
1. Chapter one, “Defeat,” depicts dramatic scenes from Roosevelts final election. What parallels exist between a risky political career and a risky Rain Forest expedition? What enabled him to survive both?
2. Compare Rondons and Roosevelts leadership styles. In what ways did these co-commanders complement each other? In what ways were they at odds?
3. Discuss the very concept of survival as it shapes The River of Doubt. In choosing provisions, what items did Roosevelts team consider necessary for survival? What aspects of survival (greater quantities of dry, mildew-free clothes, for example) did they overlook? What intangibles (especially in terms of emotions) are also necessary for such an expedition?
4. What aspects of humanity were represented by the various personalities in the group, ranging from exploitive Father Zahm and the rational Cherrie to the volatile Julio? Can such varied people coexist? How did you react to Roosevelts belief that it was necessary for Julio to be found and shot after he murdered one of the team members?
5. Do any contemporary American politicians possess Roosevelts public-speaking style? Why did he believe it was important to debate the former Chilean ambassador and deliver speeches refuting the protestors there?
6. Discuss the extraordinary medical history included in The River of Doubt. How was Roosevelt able to survive so much in his lifetime-from gunshot and disease to a train wreck-with only rudimentary medical care? What aspects of modern medicine would have made his expedition safer? Would safer conditions have undermined the thrill?
7. What did you discover about the intricate, sometimes surreal ecology and geography of the Rain Forest itself? What is the significance of the ancient history of South Americas formation, such as the plate tectonics that sculpted the Andes Mountains? What was it like to read descriptions of a region where few humans have adapted to the environment? Why is it important to preserve rather than develop these ecosystems?
8. In the end, what do you believe Roosevelts true missions were in this expedition? What was revealed about the nature of some geographic explorers when his success was met with deep skepticism? What motivates any explorer-from ancient nomads to NASA scientists? What separates Roosevelts brand of adventurousness from that of contestants on television shows such as “Survivor”?
9. Share your observations about the Cinta Larga, ranging from nutrition and family life to warfare. Does their self-sufficiency make them noble?
10. What did you discover about Roosevelts parenting style? Is his approach-particularly his insistence that his children learn to conquer rather than avoid obstacles-prevalent in many American schools today?
11. Do you believe that Kermits later despondency, which eventually drove him to suicide, was related more to genetics or to his lifes circumstances? Did his father expect too much of him? How did their relationship shift throughout this father-son expedition? How would you have fared on a similar mission with your mother or father?
12. How might Roosevelt respond to current concerns about the environment and climate change? How might he and his Progressive “Bull Moose” Party have fared in recent elections?
13. What separates The River of Doubt from other presidential narratives you have read? What writing techniques enabled the author to weave together science, travelogue, and history? What do the Notes and Acknowledgments sections reveal about her research techniques? If someone were to write a biography of you, what narratives could be constructed from your collection of letters and other memorabilia?
14. Discuss the historical context of Roosevelts trip, in terms not only of South American history but other aspects of world history from this time period, such as the sinking of the Titanic in 1912? Would World War I have unfolded differently if Roosevelt had defeated Wilson?
15. How were the first chapters of Roosevelts life, which were marked by poor health, resolved by this final South American chapter? Do his triumphs of endurance, from boxing at Harvard to valiant service during the Spanish-American War, form a timeline of progressively more dangerous challenges throughout his life? If so, did he finally meet his match with The River of Doubt? Why do you believe this expedition was, until now, less well known than his other triumphs?
The introduction, discussion questions, and author bio that follow are intended to enhance your groups discussion about Candice Millards The River of Doubt
. We hope that they will provide useful ways of thinking and talking about the book. For more information, visit BroadwayBooks.com
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