Synopses & Reviews
Arguably one of the most compelling and elusive territories of scientific research is the landscape of the human brain. From current research on the genetics of intelligence to new evidence being discovered in the battle against Parkinson's disease, the implications of the study of the human brain, and the equally fascinating human mind, are immense.The Scientific American Book of the Brain presents twenty-six cutting-edge articles on current brain research, by some of the biggest names working in the field: Is it true that most creative geniuses are plagued by a kind of madness? Kay Redfield Jamison reveals the link between creativity and mood disorders; are the brains of men and women equal in their capacity to learn and excel at cognitive tasks? Doreen Kimura puts forward scientific evidence that suggests men and women not only differ physically but also use different approaches to solve intellectual problems; how reliable is the human mind when it comes to memory? Elizabeth F. Loftus exposes how imagination and the power of suggestion can create "memories" of events that did not actually occur; why are certain children plagued by Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and what is the solution for such children? Russell A. Barkley posits that ADHD may arise when key brain circuits don't develop properly, perhaps because of an altered gene or genes.Introduced by Antonio R. Damasio and including chapters on mapping the brain; reasoning and intelligence; memory and learning; behavior; disease of the brain and disorder of the mind; and consciousness, The Scientific American Book of the Brain is a stimulating examination of today's most important and often controversial topics in brain research. (71/4 X 91/2, 360 pages, color photos, illustrations, charts, graphs)
Table of Contents
The developing brain / Carla J. Shatz -- The visual image in mind and brain / Semir Zeki -- Brain and language / Antonio R. Damasio and Hanna Damasio -- Visualizing the mind / Marcus E. Raichle -- The general intelligence factor / Linda S. Gottfredson -- The genetics of cognitive abilities and disabilities / Robert Plomin and John C. DeFries -- Uncommon talents: gifted children, prodigies, and savants / Ellen Winner -- Working memory and the mind / Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic -- Emotion, memory, and the brain / Joseph E. LeDoux -- Creating false memories / Elizabeth F. Loftus -- The split brain revisited / Michael S. Gazzaniga -- The biological basis of learning and individuality / Eric R. Kandel and Robert D. Hawkins -- Sex differences in the brain / Doreen Kimura -- Evidence for a biological influence in male homosexuality / Simon LeVay and Dean H. Hamer -- The biological evidence challenged / William Byne -- The neurobiology of fear / Ned H. Kalin -- Seeking the criminal element / W. Wayt Gibbs -- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder / Russell A. Barkley -- Autism / Uta Frith -- Understanding Parkinson's disease / Moussa B.H. Youdim and Peter Riederer -- Amyloid protein and Alzheimer's disease / Dennis J. Selkoe -- The neurobiology of depression / Charles B. Nemeroff -- Manic-depressive illness and creativity / Kay Redfield Jamison -- The puzzle of conscious experience / David J. Chalmers -- Can science explain consciousness? / John Horgan -- The problem of consciousness / Francis Crick and Christof Koch.